In 2000, then-President Bill Clinton suggested that one of the thorniest issues of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict – the division of Jerusalem to create two capitals for two states – should be decided along demographic lines. In other words, Jewish neighborhoods would be incorporated into Israel and Arab neighborhoods would become part of the future Palestinian state. The past decade has seen a significant expansion of Jewish areas in the Arab neighborhoods closest to the Old City, which could affect how the city is divided – or prevent it from being divided at all. This has raised the ire of Palestinians, the United Nations, and others, because the expansion has taken place in a territory that Israel occupied and then unilaterally annexed – and thus the transfer of civilian populations is considered illegal under international law. Here are five of the most controversial developments:
Israeli military forces shot and killed a Palestinian man Sunday as he approached a checkpoint in the West Bank city of Nablus holding a bottle.
The Israeli Defense Forces (IDF) and witnesses claim that five Gazans killed in an air strike Saturday were preparing to launch a rocket into Israel at the time of the strike.
The Israeli human rights organization B'Tselem says that the recent detentions of Palestinian youths, aimed at quelling stone-throwing in E. Jerusalem, violates Israeli law.