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Timeline: Egypt since the revolution

Egypt's politics have turned full circle since the ousting of its dictator in February 2011, a pivotal moment in the Arab Spring. 

By Staff Writer / January 12, 2014

Egyptians walk under a billboard with Arabic that reads, "yes to the constitution, Egyptians love their country," in Tahrir Square, Cairo on Jan 11, 2014. With a presidential run by Egypt’s powerful military chief seeming more likely by the day, this week’s two-day constitution referendum is widely seen as a vote of confidence in this regime. (AP Photo/Amr Nabil

Amr Nabil/AP


Feb. 11, 2011 – Following 18 days of mass protests the Egyptian military turns its back on dictator Hosni Mubarak and forces him out. Interim military rule begins. Protesters declare the people and the Army are "one hand."

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March 9 – The military has Cairo's Tahrir Square, where protesters were demanding a swift transition to civilian rule, cleared by force. Detained political activists are tortured.

November – The Muslim Brotherhood wins control of parliament in Egypt's first free election in decades.

June 15, 2012 – The military dissolves parliament and issues a declaration giving it extensive autonomy from Egypt's civilian government.

June 30 – The Brotherhood's Mohamed Morsi, after a narrow victory over a former Mubarak stalwart, is sworn in as Egypt's first freely elected president.

Nov. 21 – Morsi grants himself sweeping personal legislative powers, sparking anti-Brotherhood protests.

June 30, 2013 – After months of anti-Morsi agitation, millions take to the streets to demand Morsi's resignation. The military deposes Morsi a few days later and restores direct military rule.

Aug. 14 – The military violently clears a pro-Morsi protest encampment in Cairo, killing hundreds. The Army declares emergency rule and announces a curfew.

Sept.-Dec. – The military names the Brotherhood a terrorist organization, political violence spreads, and the profile of Gen. Abdel Fattah el-Sisi, Egypt's interim military leader, soars. Many Egyptians assume he's the country's next president in waiting – a leader in the Mubarak mold.


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