Iran makes its nuclear case – with PowerPoint
The complete set of PowerPoint slides that Iran used during a meeting with world powers are now public.
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Iran argues that the language of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), to which it is a signatory, imposes "no limitation on the kind of technology or the level" of enrichment when carried out for peaceful purposes. But that interpretation is rejected by the P5+1, which seek to permanently block any effort by Iran to acquire nuclear weapons – and to limit its civilian nuclear expertise.Skip to next paragraph
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Iran insists it is not pursuing a nuclear bomb, which it rejects as un-Islamic, and refuses to give up what it says are "rights" granted by the NPT.
The 48 slides were first published in full over the weekend by Fars News Agency. The Iranian presentation describes "shortcomings both in context and in the essence" of the P5+1 proposal, adding that the steps required of Iran "are too general and vague," lack a time frame, and revisit previous failed offers that go "back to the past, and...are illogic [sic] and unrealistic."
P5+1 incentives include nuclear safety technology, help with producing nuclear fuel, and airplane spare parts for Iran's aging fleet of commercial aircraft – but no sanctions relief.
Making its case
In the 13-slide PowerPoint labeled "Framework for Comprehensive and Targeted Dialogue” [PDF], Iran states that the NPT is the "cornerstone of talks" – as it explicitly agreed with the P5+1 at the first round of negotiations in Istanbul in April.
Two of the Iranian PowerPoint presentations quote Article IV of the 1968 NPT: "Nothing in this treaty shall be interpreted as affecting the inalienable rights of all parties to the treaty to develop research, production and use of nuclear energy..."
A few lines later, the NPT also encourages "the fullest possible exchange of equipment, materials and scientific and technological information for the peaceful uses of nuclear energy."
Over the course of 20 PowerPoint slides, labeled "Reviewing and assessing the proposal of 5+1" [PDF], Iran argues that the request to halt 20 percent enrichment "means depriving Iran from its rights in contradiction to international documents."
They note that there is "no objection" to non-weapons states like Brazil, Japan and Argentina having the nuclear fuel cycle – which includes enrichment – and in the past have frequently noted that arch-foe Israel has not signed the NPT, is subjected to no inspections, and has its own nuclear arsenal.