Despite Hamas-Fatah split, Gaza's sportsmen score a truce. Game on.
Gazans from Hamas and Fatah have overcome the deep political divide to reopen sports clubs, many of which Hamas had turned into police stations and military bases.
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"Sports sends a message to the world that we are a civilized people," says coach Majid Abu Maraheel, the first Palestinian athlete to compete in the Olympics, as young trainees sprinted past him at Gaza's Al-Yarmouk stadium. "Both Fatah and Hamas leaders must realize that we want sports to represent Palestine – not to represent the factions."Skip to next paragraph
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The runners once practiced free of charge on this track field. Now Hamas charges the team a fee, and they can't always afford it. So the Olympic trainees sometimes run on Gaza's streets, pockmarked by war. When they do meet at Al-Yarmouk stadium, they run under an enormous portrait of Hamas leader Ismail Haniyeh.
How Hamas leader Haniyeh shored up negotiations
It was Mr. Haniyeh, a former professional soccer player who now serves as prime minister in Gaza's Hamas-run government, who pushed sportsmen from his party and the rival Fatah party to negotiate a truce. His eldest son, Abdel Salam, was appointed the head of the three-member Hamas negotiating team and met with the Fatah team in each and every disputed club for the past two years.
Abdel Salam Haniyeh, a cheery and round-bellied man, is candid about two things. First, his physique makes him a better negotiator than sports player. Second, it helped that his father is Gaza's prime minister.
Politicians from both parties made frantic nighttime telephone calls to the negotiators to try to stop the talks, the younger Haniyeh recalled, but his father would step in, and the negotiators could move forward.
Mahmud al-Neirab, a Fatah member who participated in the talks, says he had little support from his fellow party members. "Other Fatah supporters at first didn't want me to talk about the idea of reconciliation," he says. "They weren't convinced that we should take that route."
But by September, the majority of the clubs agreed to appoint equal numbers of Hamas and Fatah representatives as board members, and to elect an independent as chairman. When the truce was reached, Jibril Rajoub, Fatah official and president of the Palestinian Football Federation, resumed funding, sending $5,000 to every reconciled sports club in Gaza from his office in the West Bank.
"This is our message as sportsmen for all the politicians," says the younger Haniyeh of the power-sharing compromise. He hopes it can serve as a model for larger Palestinian political reconciliation.
Sports truce will bring smiles, if not wider reconciliation
There have been other deals between Fatah in the West Bank and Hamas in Gaza, such as administering the standardized Palestinian high school final exam and coordinating pilgrims' trips to Mecca. But all these mini-peace deals could crumble if the political reconciliation talks collapse, says Hasan Jaber, a Gaza-based political correspondent for the Palestinian newspaper Al Ayyam.
The sportsmen will "always look back to the political level, to continue or to stop, to continue or to stop," he says.
"This is a good way to go to direct reconciliation," says Interior Ministry spokesman Ihab Ghussein, who nevertheless remains skeptical about the truce's broader impact. "But when we talk about sports clubs ... it is not as big as the other problems. How to deal with the big issues of the country? It's not just a game."
But as long as the truce holds, soccer is back to being just a game – and that is cause enough for celebration.
"I'm very happy," says teenager Ahmed Adas during a break from playing soccer with his school buddies. "We weren't able to play in the past. But now we are playing."