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Erekat: US efforts to jumpstart Israeli-Palestinian talks hit 'dead end'

Saeb Erekat, the chief Palestinian negotiator, said today that Obama's efforts to revive Israeli-Palestinian peace talks have hit a dead end. His comments reflect dwindling Palestinian hopes for a two-state solution.

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Whether the talks have actually reached a dead-end or not – US officials will confirm nothing of the sort – the statement reflects dwindling Palestinian expectations in Obama's ability to coax or prod Israel towards peace talks.

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"It's a fair characterization of the way most Palestinians feel at this point," Bassem Zubeidy, a professor at Bir Zeit University in Ramallah, says of Erekat's declaration.

"Everyone's realizing the Americans have their own limitations vis-a-vis Israel."

"Obama is unable to invest any more political capital in this issue than he already has, and the Israelis are more interested in creating facts on the ground than in his peace plan," says Prof. Zubeidy.

Crux of stalemate: Jerusalem

At the crux of the delay on returning to peace talks are differences in how Israel and the Palestinian leadership view Jerusalem, and whether it should be considered part of the larger settlement issue. Netanyahu agreed in November 2009 to a 10-month moratorium on building new settlements across the West Bank.

However, he has refused the long-standing demand of Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas that the building freeze include East Jerusalem, which Israel captured in the 1967 Middle East war and later annexed. Israel views Jerusalem as its eternal, united capital, while Palestinians view it as the capital of their future state.

Israel has sent mixed messages on the issue. Some officials have indicated that while there would be no official freeze in Jerusalem, a quiet, de facto halt might be instituted. Others, such as Israeli Foreign Minister Avigdor Lieberman, are making it clear that Israel does not intend to stop or slow its plans to build in Jerusalem.

"We cannot freeze construction in Jerusalem, neither in the east nor the west, neither for Arabs nor for Jews, because it would jeopardize our sovereignty as a state in our own capital," Mr. Lieberman said Tuesday on Israel radio.

"The international community wants us to go back to the lines of June 1967, which would not end the conflict but move it closer to Tel Aviv," said Lieberman.

The 1967 border is west of many of the West Bank's largest Jewish settlement blocs, which the US, the United Nations, and others consider illegal under international law. The closer Palestinians live to Tel Aviv, site of Israel's main airport and key government institutions, the easier it would be for Palestinian militants to strike those targets, politicians such as Lieberman worry.

IN PICTURES: The Israeli separation barrier: A West Bank wall

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