Gaza war anniversary: How one group helps victims overcome trauma
The Healing the Wounds of War (HWW) program trains Gazans to use alternative nonmedical techniques to cope with stress from last year's Gaza war.
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"What's different about this is that it's not a pathological model - it's for people who want to learn to take care of themselves," Dr. Gordon explains in a Jerusalem interview following a recent week-long training session Gaza, his 16th visit to the embattled coastal strip since 2002. Domestically, the center helped victims of Hurricane Katrina, and more recently, the center has been helping US soldiers returning from Iraq and Afghanistan. Rates of postwar psychological disorders have become an increasing priority for the US military, following the massacre at the Fort Hood military base in Texas last month.Skip to next paragraph
Gallery One year later in Gaza
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"We have many people come who would never dream of seeing a therapist, but will come to a group to share their experiences," Gordon says. "We teach them in a large-group setting to use these techniques to quiet themselves and to mobilize their imagination."
That, says Hamam, a nurse, was particularly helpful at home. Hamam would help Hisham and his two older siblings use "guided imagery" to put themselves mentally in a "safe place," and used forms of expression like drawing and movement to get them to work out what they're experiencing and remembering.
"When people have flashbacks of the war, their bodies became more tense, to the point where they can make their body feel as if it's experiencing the trauma again," Hamam says. "We ask them in their imagination to find a place where they feel calm, though some people here, adults and children, have a hard time even imagining a safe place."
Ramadan el-Helou, one of about 40 Gaza trainers involved in the program – who, in turn, train other health professionals, social workers, and teachers – says sometimes it's hardest on the people who, like him, are supposed to be helping others, and are therefore exposed to the war's residue day in and day out. And yet, he treats his own story as almost typical.
He describes days when his neighborhood along the Gaza beachfront was getting hit by Israeli artillery from land and sea. He had to move his family of five twice, each time trying to escape the epicenter of the conflict. By the time the three weeks were up, he'd lost six relatives.
The skills he learned in dealing with the pressure helped him and his family cope, he says. And a year later, some of these techniques are being used in schools.
Jamil Atti, the Gaza program director, has worked with families in some of the most devastated areas, such as Ezbt Abed Rabbo, and with families who have lost multiple members. Most other postwar social activities, he says, just focus on getting kids to a recreation hall to have some fun.
But ignoring the problems, he says, isn't helpful for long. "We're teaching people how to be aware of their emotions and feelings, and try to clarify connections between body and mind. Step by step, we teach people how to relax," he says. "And the need for that is huge."