Weeks before the failed coup, a spontaneous act of student defiance had triggered a protest against alleged efforts by Erdoğan and his Islamist-rooted party to impose pro-government ideology on schools.
In the only one of the three attacks that appeared to have caused many casualties, a suicide bomber detonated a bomb near the security headquarters of the Prophet's Mosque in Medina, the second-holiest site in Islam.
In awarding the 1986 Peace Prize, Elie Wiesel, was called a "messenger to mankind" and "one of the most important spiritual leaders and guides in an age when violence, repression and racism continue to characterize the world."
No injuries were reported on either side. The exchange comes amid an escalation of violence in the West Bank following a pair of fatal attacks against Jewish settlers that has sparked Israel's largest military surge in two years.