Rwanda genocide: Why France finally held a trial for 1994 genocide

Rwanda genocide: A former Rwandan soldier was sentenced to 25 years in jail on Friday for his role in Rwanda's 1994 genocide.

By , Reuters

A Paris court sentenced a former Rwandan soldier to 25 years in jail on Friday for his role in Rwanda's 1994 genocide, in France's first trial to punish those responsible for the three-month wave of violence.

The court found Pascal Simbikangwa, 54, described by prosecutors as a former soldier who rose to become the No. 3 in Rwanda's intelligence services, guilty of genocide and complicity in crimes against humanity.

Some 800,000 minority Tutsis and politically moderate Hutus died in the bloodletting.

Recommended: The International Criminal Court's docket in Africa

Simbikangwa, confined to a wheelchair since a 1986 car accident left him a paraplegic, denied the charges against him during the six-week trial and said he was the victim of a "witch-hunt" orchestrated by the now ruling Tutsi tribal group.

Under French law, Rwandans suspected of involvement in the genocide can be tried in a French court.

Other countries, including Belgium, Sweden, Norway and Germany, have already held similar trials. France was long considered a safe haven for those fleeing prosecution for their role in the massacre.

A guilty verdict could smooth future prosecutions by France's special genocide unit, created two years ago.

Simbikangwa sought during the trial to minimize his importance within the Rwanda secret services, calling himself a "mere agent" despite his loyalty to President Juvenal Habyarimana, a Hutu whose death in the downing of his plane in April 1994 triggered the slaughter.

But witnesses said he stored arms at his home, gave orders to extremist Hutus, and was known in the capital Kigali as a "torturer."

"France has nothing on me, but I get charges that not even ministers or generals got," Simbikangwa told the jury before it retired to consider the verdict.

(Editing by Mark Trevelyan)

Share this story:
 
 
Make a Difference
Inspired? Here are some ways to make a difference on this issue.
Follow Stories Like This
Get the Monitor stories you care about delivered to your inbox.
 

We want to hear, did we miss an angle we should have covered? Should we come back to this topic? Or just give us a rating for this story. We want to hear from you.

Loading...

Loading...

Loading...