Nelson Mandela: Why Zuma cancelled a trip (+video)

Nelson Mandela: The health of South Africa's first black president, Nelson Mandela, continues in "very critical" condition. President Jacob Zuma cancelled a planned trip to neighboring Mozambique after visiting the revered former leader on Wednesday. 

By , Reuters

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    An unidentified woman wearing earrings bearing the image of former South African President Nelson Mandela stands outside the hospital where he is being treated in Pretoria, South Africa, Wednesday.
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UPDATE: 8:05 a.m. Thursday.

South African President Jacob Zuma cancelled a trip to neighboring Mozambique on Thursday, intensifying speculation about a deterioration in the health of anti-apartheid leader Nelson Mandela, who remains critically ill in the hospital.

Zuma made his decision not to leave the country after visiting the 94-year-old late on Wednesday in the Pretoria hospital where he has been receiving treatment for a lung infection for nearly three weeks.

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"Clearly the issue of seriousness has been such that President Jacob Zuma has cancelled his trip," presidential spokesman Mac Maharaj told Talk Radio 702.

He declined to comment on reports that Mandela was on life support, saying: "I cannot confirm any clinical details."

On Thursday, a daughter of Nelson Mandela said that he is in very critical condition but is still opening his eyes and reacting to touch at the South African hospital where he is being treated.

Makaziwe Mandela told South Africa's state broadcaster on Thursday that the former president and anti-apartheid leader is still giving the family hope, even though "anything is imminent."

She says her family will wait with 94-year-old Mandela until "the time to go." Makaziwe Mandela's comments were posted on the SABC web site.

Mandela, South Africa's first black president, is revered among most of the country's 53 million people as the architect of the 1994 transition to multi-racial democracy after three centuries of white domination.

However, his latest hospitalization - his fourth in six months - has reinforced a realisation that the father of the post-apartheid "Rainbow Nation" will not be around for ever.

The deterioration in his health at the weekend to "critical" from "serious but stable" caused a perceptible switch in the national mood, from prayers for his recovery to preparations for a fond farewell.

Maharaj added that it was too early to say whether the seriousness of Mandela's condition could force changes to the schedule of a planned visit to South Africa this weekend by U.S. President Barack Obama.

Obama is also visiting two other African countries, Senegal and Tanzania, starting in the Senegalese capital on Wednesday night.

Pillar of peace 

Well-wishers' messages, bouquets and stuffed animals have piled up outside Mandela's Johannesburg home and the wall of the hospital compound where he is being treated in the heart of the capital.

"We know that the day will come when he passes but it is so painful to accept," said Patricia Ndiniza, 53, an estate agent who left a note wishing Mandela a speedy recovery.

"He is a pillar for all of us. He is our pillar of peace and reconciliation," she said.

School children, prayer groups, office workers and comrades who followed Mandela in the anti-apartheid fight have trickled past the hospital day by day, passing a gauntlet of journalists and camera crews camped outside the main gate.

Fallen notes have been collected and replaced with new ones, some written in crayon by children and others penned by adults expressing their appreciation for Madiba, the clan name by which Mandela is affectionately known.

Mandela, who spent 27 years in apartheid prisons for plotting against the white-minority state, stepped down in 1999 after one five-year term in office.

Since then he has played little role in public life, dividing his time in retirement between his home in the wealthy Johannesburg suburb of Houghton and Qunu, the village in the impoverished Eastern Cape province where he was born.

His last public appearance was waving to fans from the back of a golf cart before the final of the World Cup in Johannesburg's Soccer City stadium in July 2010.

The public's last glimpse of him was a brief clip aired by state television in April during a visit to his home by Zuma and other senior officials from the ruling African National Congress.

At the time, the 101-year-old liberation movement assured the public Mandela was "in good shape", although the footage showed a thin and frail old man sitting expressionless in an armchair.

(Additional reporting by Pascal Fletcher and Jon Herskovitz; Editing by Alison Williams)

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