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World's 18 most endangered spoken languages

The UN Atlas of Endangered Languages lists 18 languages with only one remaining speaker. With about one language disappearing every two weeks, some of these have probably already died off.

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9. Pazeh is spoken by Taiwan's indigenous tribe of the same name. Mrs. Pan Jin Yu, 95, was the sole known speaker as of 2008.

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10. Pemono is spoken in Venezuela and has one remaining speaker, who lives in an Upper Majagua village.

11. Taje is one of the endangered languages spoken in the country of Indonesia. As of 2000, there was one speaker remaining in Sulawesi.

12. Taushiro (also known as Pinche, or Tausiro in Spanish) is an isolated language spoken in Peru. The speakers, who were from the Loreto Province and Tigre River basin, married non-Taushiro speakers and adopted Spanish or other languages. There was one speaker documented in 2008.

13. Tinigua is a nearly extinct language from Colombia. While originally from the Yari River, most of descendants now live in the Sierra de la Macarena and do not speak the language any more. As of 2008, the last speaker lived near the Guayabero River.

14. Tolowa, the language of the Tolowa Native American tribe, is spoken by a few members located in the Smith River Rancheria. a sovereign nation, near Crescent City, Calif. Tolowa is part of the Athabaskan language family. One speaker remained as of 2008.

15. Volow (or Valuwa) is spoken on Motalava Island, a part of the Republic of Vanuatu. The Republic of Vanuatu is located near the east coast of Australia. One speaker remained as of 2008.

16. Wintu-Nomlaki is spoken by the Wintu tribe in California. The language has two dialects: Nomlaki, which is spoken along the Sacramento River south of Red Bluff, and the other is Wintu. As of 2008, there was one fluent speaker and several speakers with moderate command of the language.

17. Yaghan is spoken in Chile, in the community of Villa Ukika on Navarino Island, located in the Magallanes Territory. As of 2005, the last remaining speaker and pureblood member of the Yaghan tribe was an elderly woman named Cristina Calderon.

18. Yarawi (or Suena) is spoken is Papua New Guinea, near Morobe town in Morobe Province. One speaker was documented in 2000.

Sources: UNESCO Interactive Atlas of the World’s Languages in Danger and the Encyclopedia of the World’s Endangered Languages by Christopher Moseley.

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