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After airing false footage of Costa Concordia, Italian media under fire (+video)

Critics say mistakes made while reporting on the Costa Concordia undermine the Italian journalism industry's argument that its strict regulations are essential to maintaining credibility. 

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On Jan. 15, the state-owned television news channel Rai broadcast footage showing the interior of a luxury cruise ship shaking while passengers panicked. The images actually came from a video posted on YouTube on Sept. 8, 2010 that was filmed on an Australian cruise ship sailing in the Pacific Ocean, according to the person who uploaded it. 

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Italian bloggers quickly uncovered the fake and demanded that the National Order of Journalists – the powerful body issuing “journalism patents” that are formally necessary to enter the profession – take steps against Rai. This morning Linkiesta, one of the most influential collective blogs in Italian language, asked Order president Enzo Iacopini to take responsibility for the incident.

The criticism comes as the Order tries to resist government pressure to ease restrictions on entering the journalism industry. Current laws, such as a mandatory exam, limit the number of people practicing journalism in Italy, but the current left-leaning government is trying to abolish some of the restrictions to bring Italy more in line with European standards.

In Italy, journalists must pass a government-supervised exam and register in the Order to enter the profession. The government is planning to ease up on those requirements as part of an economic liberalization package that will also ease restrictions on many other professions.

Mr. Iacopini argues that the restrictions are crucial to ensuring a fair and balanced press coverage, but many Italians – especially bloggers, weary of the Order's control of the industry – argue that the video hoax proves the opposite. “Those who have broadcasted the fake video were registered journalists. Those who unmasked it were not," said Jacopo Tondelli, chief blogger at Linkiesta. "Even after the Internet – often snobbed by professional journalism – had quickly uncovered the fake video of a cruise ship sold as the [Costa] Concordia, national news kept broadcasting the video as if it were a live documentation of that tragedy – some of them."

Iacopini told The Christian Science Monitor that such incidents should not raise doubts about the necessity of the Order. “It's like saying that because there are people who can drive without a driving license, and vice versa, we should abolish driving licenses,” he says, adding that those responsible for airing the fake video may face sanctions.

The anger toward the Order is unjustified in such a short period of time, he says. “Did they expect us to act within hours? We need time, it's an inquiry, not a Stalinist trial”

While the Order faces fire, some say that the mistake by Rai actually show the need for more regulation.

“Of course the laws regulating journalism are old and need to be updated," says Franco Abruzzo, a professor of journalism at the Bicocca University of Milan. "But if people, in this case journalists, don't follow the rules, we should not say 'Let's abolish the rule.' We should enforce them.”

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