A year ago, the deadly attacks on the offices of satirical magazine Charlie Hebdo and a Jewish grocery were met with defiance from the French. But now, after the far worse attacks in November, the public is quieter.
The Russian Orthodox Church sees itself as the spiritual generator of public policy and the ideological bulwark of the state. Under Putin, priests have become fixtures in the military, schools, and other public institutions.
In just two months, the right-wing Law and Justice party has revamped the mechanics of government, particularly by defanging Poland's Constitutional Tribunal. That has already cut the party's domestic support by 25 percent.