Egypt's Internet shutdown, visualized
Google Transparency Report's traffic numbers provide a stark illustration of the impact of the Egyptian government's Internet shutdown that began last week.
Want to know what it looks like when a government shuts down the Internet? Click on the graphic on the left, or view a dynamic version.Skip to next paragraph
Dan Murphy is a staff writer for the Monitor's international desk, focused on the Middle East. Murphy, who has reported from Iraq, Afghanistan, Egypt, and more than a dozen other countries, writes and edits Backchannels. The focus? War and international relations, leaning toward things Middle East.
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That graphic, courtesy of Google Transparency Report, shows traffic to Google Search from Egyptian Internet Protocol (IP) addresses. While Google Search clearly doesn't encompass all Internet use, it's likely one of the most heavily-used Web services and therefore a pretty good indicator of what the status of a country's Internet access is. See the steep drop on the right end of the graph? That shows a rock-bottom plummet in Internet traffic, which coincides with the government's block.
If you go to the dynamic version of the graphic, you can move your cursor along the data points to see traffic at any time. Google Search use peaked at one point on Jan. 27 and nose-dived later in the day to almost no traffic. Google's graph shows no significant change (read: lessening of Internet blocking) since then. The Internet remains down. Our Cairo correspondent has been phoning in her stories word-by-word for several days now.
Wired magazine reported yesterday that the last Internet service provider in Egypt went down Monday. Most other major providers went dark on Friday, Jan. 28. Security researcher Renesys called the Egyptian government's actions "unprecedented."
It's a very different strategy than that used in Iran in 2009, when Iranian security and intelligence officials tracked and cracked down on individual protesters by using information from Tweets, Facebook, and other forms of social media.
An American journalism professor at American University of Cairo, who was evacuated from the country along with hundreds of other Americans, wrote a commentary for the Columbia Journalism Review from Cairo on the Internet shutdown. (This piece, too, was dictated by phone.)
Internet access in Egypt can be shut off by the government with the flip of a switch. Like other nasty regimes, the Egyptian government has a taste for controlling all things communicative. It is illegal in Egypt, for example, to conduct any kind of public opinion research without the regime’s blessing; journalists cannot report the news without government permits; and the constitution gives the government power to directly censor news when the country is operating under emergency law (which, as it happens, has been in effect for the last three decades).