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US image problem grows as Afghanistan casualties mount

While insurgent-caused casualties are up, US-caused civilian casualties are down. Still, it only takes a couple of high profile incidents to negatively turn public opinion.

By Correspondent / March 9, 2011

An Afghan man walks using crutches in Kabul, Afghanistan, on Wednesday, March 9. Insurgents killed more Afghan civilians last year than ever before and their roadside bombs, suicide attacks and assassinations were responsible for the overwhelming majority of conflict-related deaths in 2010, the United Nations said Wednesday.

Ahmad Nazar/AP

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Kabul, Afghanistan

Violence against civilians in Afghanistan has climbed to the highest level since the fall of the Taliban in 2001, says a report released Wednesday by the UN Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA).

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The number of civilians killed as a result of fighting in this war-torn nation rose by 15 percent in 2010 as compared with 2009, according to the report, which comes after a coalition air strike killed nine boys in Kunar province, sparking several demonstrations in Kabul.

Despite the growing outrage over NATO-caused civilian deaths, however, the UNAMA report shows that the number of civilian deaths caused by Afghan and international forces dropped by 26 percent last year. Of the total 2,777 civilian deaths in 2010, Afghan and international forces were responsible for only 16 percent. Meanwhile, insurgent attacks accounted for 75 percent of civilian deaths, a 28 percent increase.

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The report underscores the difficulties that face international forces. Even when their efforts to minimize civilian casualties are successful, it only takes a couple of high profile incidents to negatively turn public opinion. Meanwhile, as insurgent-caused casualties mount, the Taliban and other antigovernment groups may face an image crisis similar to NATO-led forces.

“There’s been an enormous expenditure of effort to make sure that when we employ air power that it is used judiciously,” says US Air Force Lt. Col. John Dorrian, an International Security Assistance Force spokesman. “Any civilian casualty incident – whether it be caused by ISAF or whether it’s caused by insurgents – is a detriment to our cause here.”

The decrease comes even as ISAF and Afghan forces grew by 107,000 personnel in 2010 and drastically increased operations. Last November, for example, US planes had 880 weapons releases, as opposed to 271 in November of 2009. With the exception of December, weapons releases have increased every month this year since June when compared with the same month last year, according to ISAF statistics. Despite the uptick, UNAMA notes a 52 percent drop in air attack causalities.

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