Afghanistan: Send less money for drug war, give us more control
On the eve of the Kabul Conference – the ninth major international Afghan donor conference – Afghanistan's Finance Minister Omar Zakhilwal offers suggestions for how to cut down on the waste and fraud that is limiting the impact of billions in aid.
Afghanistan's Finance Minister Omar Zakhilwal says he’s hoping that international donors convening Tuesday in Kabul will agree to better enable the country to be self-reliant. To do so, he says, the donors must cut down on the waste and fraud that has hampered development programs, and entrust the government with greater control of aid money.Skip to next paragraph
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“Our expectation from the international community … is to respect Afghan leadership and to be serious about building Afghan institutions – not undermine them,’’ said Mr. Zakhilwal in a briefing with a small group of reporters ahead of the Kabul Conference.
Senior officials from about 40 countries – including US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton – are expected to attend the event, the ninth major donor conference since the country was invaded in 2001.
Taking place against a backdrop of unprecedented civilian and military casualties, both Afghan and international, governments and aid groups alike are under pressure to demonstrate that the billions they have poured into projects here have been well spent.
In the world of Afghan aid spending – where a government with $1.5 billion in domestic revenue is running an $11 billion budget and the US has committed more than $50 billion to infrastructure and creating a national army and police force from scratch – there is plenty of criticism about where that money is going, and why.
Zakhilwal: Only 5 percent of US aid channeled through government
Afghans say they’ll be pressing for more government control over international spending. Foreign donors such as the US will be seeking guarantees that the money they provide won’t be diverted or wasted. They also may give their agreement to the government’s effort to “reintegrate” Taliban fighters into society.
US officials say they expect no new aid to be announced at the conference, though Zakhilwal says he’s hoping that $1 billion to $2 billion for infrastructure will be announced.
The meeting itself will effectively be a ratification of already agreed upon measures to improve aid spending here by better aligning international aid programs with priorities identified by the Afghan government.
Zakhilwal said he hoped the donors in attendance would agree to “waste” no more money on counternarcotics programs, channel more of their aid through the government, and place better controls on their spending to prevent the fraud that has hampered development programs here.
The US has channeled only about 5 percent of its spending here through the government, he says, compared to about 50 percent by Britain and “well over” 50 percent by Scandinavian countries.
“I say: ‘Give me more control.' They say: ‘You don’t have the capacity, so we’re going outside [the government],' " he says, describing the dynamic. "I say: ‘How do you have the capacity?’ They buy it at a very steep price,” he answers, pointing to the international consultants who work on aid projects here. For a “fraction” of the money spent, he said, the US could help build capacity within the Afghan government.
In a written response to questions, the US Embassy in Kabul said that 13.5 percent of US aid is being channeled through the government in the current fiscal year. Next year, the embassy says it will be 25 percent, assuming “the Afghan government establishes the necessary accountability and administrative procedures.”
Zakhilwal’s tone of independence was echoed by Afghan National Security Advisor Rangin Dadfar Spanta, who says that “Afghanistan is beyond the point where the international community can tell us what to do.”
'The impact could have been greater'
Contractors for USAID and other agencies, which have channeled some of the billions of US dollars spent here, privately say that hundreds of millions of dollars have been wasted, from petty instances of buying extra laptops for personal use to large-scale problems such as programs meant to attract foreign investment here yielding meager results.