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US withholds $4 billion in Afghanistan war aid. Can Gen. Petraeus cope?

Gen. David Petraeus's strategy in the Afghanistan war relies on money for reconstruction and development. But Congress says it will withhold $4 billion in Afghan aid unless rampant corruption is stopped.

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Those reports, and behind the scenes pressure on the issue from US diplomats here, drew a sharp rebuke from Afghanistan Attorney General Muhammad Ishaq Alako this week, who complained that Ambassador Karl Eikenberry said he should resign if he doesn’t soon prosecute a high-profile banker here on corruption charges.

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“Do diplomatic ethics allow threats such as this one,” an angry Mr. Aloko told reporters. “My response to him was that I am only accountable to my president and my parliament.” Mr. Aloko also said the US has so far not acceded to an Afghan request to extradite a former executive of Ariana Airlines on corruption charges.
Afghan Finance Minister Hazrat Omar Zakhilwal also responded to reports of rampant theft by Afghan officials by charging that most of the money being stolen is being taken by foreign aid agencies and contractors. He accused them of illegally taking $4 billion out of the country.

“What disappoints us is that some Western media outlets and politicians accuse the government of corruption,” he told reporters on Wednesday. “The international community wastes money here and blames it on the Afghan government.”

“All of the contracts, all of the money, it’s running through people around President Karzai,” says Rahman Oghli, a member of parliament and a Karzai opponent. “The US and the international community could stop this if they wanted to. I don’t know why they haven’t yet.”

Thomas Ruttig, a scholar who’s studied Afghanistan since the 1980s and is now a senior analyst at the Afghan Analysts Network in Kabul, says both sides have a point. He says that Afghan officials are stealing money, but almost certainly so are foreign contractors, and blames the flood of cash into the country with little oversight for many of the problems.

“One thing I’m optimistic about is that the Afghans will get 100 percent of the blame,” he says.

Stealing from pilgrims going to Mecca

Ludin, at the corruption oversight office, says progress is being made. He says that in recent weeks that a judge and a prosecutor have been arrested for corruption, and points to the successful prosecution of a man who helped former Minister for the Haj and Mosques Sediq Chakari steal money from pilgrims seeking to go to Mecca.

“The man’s been sentenced to 16 years in jail and he’s confirmed Chakari was involved,” he says. Mr. Chakari has fled to England where he has dual citizenship, and Ludin complained that the UK is not helping with extradition.

The case of Chakari was apparently one of the ones that Ambassador Eikenberry brought up with Attorney General Aloko this week. Foreign diplomats here alleged that the government allowed Chakari to leave Kabul airport despite being wanted in connection with the theft. Aloko said Chakari used the confusion surrounding the high volume of pilgrims making the Haj to escape.

“They argue that I permitted Chakari to leave the country… they say I signed papers for him to be able to leave. Where is this paper,” Aloko said. “Chakari is sitting in London right now. It’s been three months that we have repeatedly sent letters to InterPol about him. We summoned the British Consul here and told him about this.”