Pakistan weak as militancy surges
Government strategy has been ineffective, and officials are preoccupied with bid to oust Musharraf.
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Alongside a military campaign against the militants, Pakistan's government has struck a number of deals with pro-Taliban warlords in the area. But its critics say such deals have served only to embolden the militants and allow them to regroup during cease-fires. Other deals have collapsed.Skip to next paragraph
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In 2006, a pact was made with the area's senior Taliban boss, Baitullah Mehsud, who is accused of murdering two-time prime minister Benazir Bhutto last December. By the time the deal had collapsed, Mr. Mehsud was believed to have strengthened his position both in his South Waziristan base and further afield.
But Pakistan's Army spokesman, Maj. Gen. Athar Abbas, says that such deals should give the government and the Army enough stability to generate economic growth in the tribal areas – which could deter would-be militants more powerfully than force alone.
He adds, however, that Pakistan's Army is underresourced. In particular, he says, it is short of helicopters – "what we have is peanuts" – and communication systems.
"In some places, the militants have better communication systems than the Army," he charges.
Pakistan policy post-Musharraf
Meanwhile, there are questions about the direction Pakistan's role in the war on terror will take when Musharraf, who proved himself a stalwart ally of the US and its campaign against terrorism, has departed.
On Sunday, it remained unclear when exactly formal impeachment proceedings would begin against the president.
But Saturday, Foreign Minister Shah Qureshi gave the president a two-day deadline to head off the move by quitting.
When Musharraf does exit, many observers here expect Mr. Sharif's PML-N party, currently Pakistan's second largest, to emerge as Pakistan's biggest party, thanks to the support it will probably receive from members of Musharraf's PML-Q party. Musharraf formed the PML-Q out of the PML-N when he ousted Sharif in a military coup in 1999.
In an interview at his home near Lahore, Sharif said he was intent on quashing militancy in Pakistan.
But he suggested that in the future, he would seek to lower the profile of US involvement in Pakistan's fight against militancy. He is perhaps mindful of the fact that many Pakistanis blame the rising tide of violence in their country on the close alliance Musharraf formed with the US.
"We are not opposed to the Americans, and I know they have their own fears, but any policy that is devised to deal with these issues should not be perceived as an American issue," he says. "Without ownership of people, no strategy will work."