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How one man swam to freedom and into fight against modern-day slavery

In 2009, Prom Vannak jumped from a Thai fishing boat on which he was a slave and swam for freedom. His story puts a spotlight on the estimated 27 million people who live as slaves around the world.

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But there is a long way to go, even in the United States. CdeBaca noted that Georgia passed an anti-human trafficking law just a year ago – and that not even a week passed before authorities filed their first charges under it.

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Modern slavery exists because it is big business – a $30 billion a year industry, just about the size of the American milk industry. And experts agree that the problem is growing.

Gary Haugen, who heads the International Justice Mission, is another of the 10 heroes singled out by the State Department this year. His organization has helped thousands of victims and also worked to prosecute traffickers so that they can’t ensnare others. An example: Their 4-year-old program in Cebu in the Philippines has reduced child sex trafficking by 79 percent merely by convincing local law enforcement to enforce existing laws.

“There are 27 million slaves, so how many people get sent to jail for enslaving them?” Haugen asks. “The number is shamefully tiny compared to the size of the problem. . . . Human trafficking can only thrive with the complicity of local law enforcement.”

In some places, that can mean that police are part of the problem. In Malaysia, Anan was sold back into slavery by police. In the United States, that can mean that when a sex slave is swept up in a prostitution sting, the slave is treated like a criminal, not a victim, and the root cause of the problem is never examined.

The State Department suggests 20 ways people can aid in the fight. Some are as simple as making sure elected officials know voters care about eliminating modern-day slavery. Others include letting retailers know that customers expect a slavery-free supply chain. Parents should encourage schools to include lessons on the existence of modern slavery as a way to raise awareness throughout communities, the department says.

While officials say the situation is dire, they offer reasons for hope. One is Prom Vannak Anan. His life today is telling his stories, to motivate others to take a stand. He has recreated his ordeal in a series of drawings that anti-slavery activists hope to publish to raise awareness.

During a visit to Washington this week to accept his hero award from the State Department , in a mundane  hotel lobby on a muggy afternoon, Anan proclaimed himself a lucky man. “How many people get chances such as this, to come to the United States, to be treated well,” he said.

The daughter he didn’t meet until he was free now waits for him to come home. He lives a simple life in his native Cambodia, but he spent years in bondage dreaming of such a simple life.

“I don’t know what the future holds, whether it will be black or white, good or bad,” he said in between sips of Coke. “I can’t know the future. But I do know that I will try hard. I wish to live a better life, a free life.”

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