One priest's crusade against sex tourism in the Philippines
Rev. Shay Cullen's campaign against sex tourism epitomizes faltering efforts to combat the problem in the Philippines and throughout Southeast Asia.
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“We have the laws, we have the rules and regulations,” says Josephine Alforque, advocacy officer with the local office of the nongovernmental End Child Prostitution and Child Trafficking,” based in Thailand. She cites an antitrafficking act passed eight years ago but complains, “There are no NGOs on the Inter-Agency Council.”Skip to next paragraph
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The problem, says Ms. Alforque, is worsened by the rapid proliferation of electronic devices for organizing criminal syndicates. “Technology has added to the tools in exploitation of children,” she says. “Yes, there are foreign men involved, but there are a lot of local men, too.”
Cullen’s investigations of abuses by foreign men, from military veterans to tourists and retirees, extend inland to the one-time US base town of Angeles City. On the streets and alleys outside the former Clark Air Base, which closed in 1991 after the eruption of nearby Mount Pinatubo, bars and shops catering to foreigners flourish, as in the old days.
The fact is, however, the sex trade in Angeles never stopped. It seems to have never even slowed down.
Lured by the promise of jobs
Cullen cites a raid on a nightclub in Angeles run by a man described by police as “an Irish fugitive.” Dozens of women said they had been lured to Angeles after having been told they would find jobs in factories, offices or restaurants, according to a police report, but instead were forced to become sex workers.
Despite frustrations, Cullen is proud of the program he runs for victims whom he and his staff claim to have rescued from sexual exploitation.
“We have two homes for victims, 27 victims of abuse by their fathers and relatives, 18 saved from sex clubs,” Cullen says. They’re “reintegrated when recovered” – and eligible for financial aid for 18 months.
Some foreigners say Cullen is looking for publicity and donations rather than real solutions to a festering problem. One retired US Air Force master sergeant, Alan Dale Edmonds, has been battling Cullen's claims in court for years.
"I have been consistently exposing them," says Mr. Edmonds. "Obviously," he goes on, the point for PREDA is "to garner support and rake in money."
Meanwhile, Cullen appears to revel in the acclaim that he’s whipped up for his program. Amid repeated attacks by Edmonds and other foreign retirees, Cullen boasts he’s twice been nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize – recognition that he proudly advertises on banners posted on the wall at the base of the drive up to his establishment.
Regardless of whether Cullen is successful in court, many say he's at least drawn attention to the issue.
“There is a big improvement,” says Danny Abunalen, with the Visayan Forum Foundation, which focuses on immigration and trafficking. “Foreigners come into the country for young women. Most of our cases are actually foreigners.”
Critics agree with the State Department that the problem of trafficking in the Philippines is not as bad as when sailors on leave flooded the bars – but say Cullen’s influence has nothing to do with it.
”There is not as much money as there was in the heyday of the bases,” says Edmonds. “There were many more incidents then because women often offered their children in an attempt to get them adopted, [and get them] a better home.”
Yes, he adds, “because of the bad apples that any military is stuck with, there were those who took advantage quite often of the poor and the children.”
Cullen meanwhile has a ready explanation for why it’s difficult to get convictions for foreign club operators offering under-age girls. The government believes sex charges against foreigners are “bad for tourism,” he says.