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'Beggars sitting on a sack of gold?' Ecuadoreans protest mining.

Indigenous from across Ecuador marched for 14 days into Quito to protest President Rafael Correa's plan to open large-scale mines on indigenous land.

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But according to indigenous leaders, the timing is connected to the government's negotiation of a mining contract with the Chinese-owned company Ecuacorriente. The contract was signed earlier this month and is to be carried out in the southern province of Zamora Chinchipe with a $1.4 billion investment. Another multi-billion dollar contract for a silver mine is expected to be signed with a Canadian company in coming months.

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The open-pit copper project would be the first of its kind in Ecuador, a country that relies on oil exploitation but is new to large-scale mining.

“The government has caused this mobilization,” says Salvador Quishpe, one of the march organizers, and governor of Zamora Chinchipe.

Mr. Quishpe says the government did not consult with local populations before approving the project – something many claim is required by the constitution.  Quishpe says there are 227 water sources inside the mining project’s zone, and locals are worried they will all be contaminated through the extraction process.

Yet, in the lead up to Ecuador's presidential elections next year, the march – and the government's reaction to it – is an indicator of the country's political pulse. Correa is expected to stand, many expect successfully, for his second re-election. But doing so without the support of Ecuador's powerful indigenous organizations and the country's political left might prove harder than expected.  Ecuador's indigenous population represents 7 percent of the country’s total population, according to the latest census.

“In this country, it is unusual to have such large mobilizations just before the opening of an electoral campaign,” says Franklin Ramírez, a political scientist at Ecuador's branch of the Latin American Faculty of Social Sciences (FLACSO).

Taking protests to 'the next level'

Protesters, who marched from the north and the south of Ecuador to convene in Quito today, are expected to meet with the president of Ecuador’s legislature, Fernando Cordero, and minister of political coordination, Betty Tola, to voice their concerns.

The government has called for its own demonstration in support of Correa, to take place downtown today as well. Police have deployed across Quito as a preventative measure.

Speaking before the march, indigenous leaders said they are willing to “take the protests to the next level,” if they are provoked. They did not explicitly threaten violence, but indigenous-led organizations have turned to violent tactics in the past – something that contributed to the resignation of two former presidents, one as recent as 2000.

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