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How one program curtails the sex abuse that skyrocketed after Haiti earthquake

Melanie Megevand brings women and their husbands together to talk openly about sexual abuse, which helps to relieve tensions at home.

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She says incidents of domestic violence have spiked in the last year. “We have cases in which young girls whose parents died in the earthquake were living by themselves in a camp and then moved in with a partner who began beating them,” she says through a translator. “Cases have definitely increased since the earthquake.” One of those girls was 10 years old when she was raped, Ms. Villard-Apollon says.

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While much attention has been focused on random sexual violence, violence within the home is just as bad, if not worse, says Melanie Megevand, the protection coordinator for American Refugee Committee who started the program that brings women and their husbands together. Sixty percent of the cases her organization registered in the past year were victims of domestic violence and 40 percent were sexual violence cases.

COVER STORY: Year after Haiti earthquake, the state of global disaster relief

Talking leads to healing

Ms. Megevand says the camp program has been successful in raising the issue in homes where it was not previously discussed.

“Domestic violence existed long before the earthquake. … This allowed them to speak about the problem and to break the taboo,” she says.

The basis of the program was an adaptation of the successful child friendly spaces – in which an area in a refugee camp is set aside to allow children to play and study.

“It was good because we really didn’t know each other. We all came from different areas [to the camp.] So it allowed us to get to know each other,” says Ms. Zephayr Ylanne, who lost her home in the quake. “There was a lot of violence at the beginning, before this started. And we were all going through it or knew someone who was.”

That communal spirit, though, led to a backlash from some husbands. “At first, it was really hard. They’d gossip and make fun of us,” says Billy Villa, a woman who was learning to sew through the program.

But that turned to acceptance when the men “began to understand what this was about,” Ms. Villa says. “They liked being able to open up and talk about life here; talk about how hard it is to live like this.”

Program has 'been huge'

One of the husbands, who asked not to be identified, says his first experience wasn’t what he expected. “We had a good time. We could all talk about things we were all experiencing and we could laugh at them,” he says. “It helped with the stress.”

It also helped cut down on tension in the home, he says.

Ms. Megevand says that 20 men who were victims of sexual or domestic violence even came forward to report their case in the past year.

Although the program isn’t likely to solve Haiti’s overwhelming rape and domestic violence problems, it has served as an example for how communities can take control of the issue in their camps.

The American Refugee Committee has recently turned the program over to a local grassroots organization that is expanding it into new camps.

“For the people who participate, I think that it’s been huge,” Ms. Megevand says. “It allows them to transfer from victims to survivors.”

IN PICTURES: Life in a tent city

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