Cautioned by BP oil spill, Brazil continues deep-sea drilling
Brazil is poised to begin one of the most technically advanced deep-sea oil drills ever. The National Petroleum Agency and state-controlled oil giant Petrobras both sent teams to the Gulf to monitor the BP oil spill relief efforts.
Mexico City; and São Paulo, Brazil
Three years ago, the abundant "pre-salt" oil reserves found off Brazil's coast epitomized the country's optimism and rise on the world stage.Skip to next paragraph
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It is not just conservationists suddenly urging more calm as oil gets drilled in ever deeper and remote corners of the globe. Only days after it began commercial production of pre-salt oil, Brazil has acknowledged that regulatory reviews and higher insurance costs could cause delays and dampen enthusiasm as the industry draws lessons from one of the worst environmental disasters of this generation.
"The days of easy oil are long gone," says Gianna Bern, president of Brookshire Advisory and Research in Flossmoor, Ill.
Still, the possible windfall is so big for Brazil that many observers say the Gulf spill is no deterrent.
"I do hear a lot of debate on how pre-salt moves forward, not on whether it should move forward or not," says Ms. Bern, who travels frequently to Brazil.
Brazil faces no small task ahead, embarking on one of the most technologically advanced drilling operations of modern times at untouched depths below more than 16,000 feet of sea, rock, and volatile salt deposits.
Brazil already adheres to some of the world's toughest regulations.
"There is a long safety track record that currently exists in Brazil," says Bern, pointing out that industry players have long been drilling in waters considerably deeper than the BP Gulf well.
Once bitten, twice shy
Brazil has also learned from its own tragedies.
Augusto Rezende Antoun, an oil engineer who specializes in cleanup operations, says that Brazil's current legislation and expertise is a result of the Guanabara Bay spill in 2000, when a Petrobras pipe burst in the bay that borders Rio de Janeiro and flooded the waters with 400,000 gallons of crude.
The company was fined the maximum $29 million for that spill and fined similarly for another in the south of the country a few months later. The country was also shaken when a whole platform sank in 2001. Together, those disasters prompted legislation to demand better training and more oversight and led the company to invest close to $1 billion in safety and environmental planning.