When Brazil decided to host the World Cup there was hope that both rich and poor citizens could see games live on their home turf. That hasn't been the case.
The answer lies in the gang violence that impacts so many communities where these children live, found one researcher, who conducted hundreds of interviews in the Central American nation.
Luis Suárez's bite attack on Italy's Giorgio Chiellini yesterday could see him kicked out of the World Cup. But in his home country there's denial and finger-pointing - at the English of all people.
Determined but impecunious enthusiasts have braved lawless borders, overcrowded minibuses, and perilous river crossings to keep costs down en route to Manaus, Brazil.