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Kenya referendum: Voters cast ballots, tensions high

Today's historic Kenya referendum over whether to back a new constitution sparks fresh memories of the ethnic clashes that killed more than 1,300 people in the wake of the 2007 presidential election.

By Correspondent / August 4, 2010

Polling clerks check the cards of Masai people waiting to vote Wednesday at a polling station in Ngong, some 40 km from Nairobi, Kenya. Long lines formed before sunrise in the Kenyan capital, as voters cast ballots on a new constitution that would reduce the powers of the presidency and give citizens a bill of rights.

Sayyid Azim/AP

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Nairobi, Kenya

Millions of Kenyans lined up before dawn at polling stations stretching from chilly Nairobi to the semidesert of Lodwar to cast their ballots in what many here are heralding as a historic day for change.

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Each of the 12.4 million registered voters has a simple choice: to approve or reject a new constitution, the draft of which has been internationally praised for addressing contentious issues of tribalism, centralized political power, and impunity for corruption.

Opinion polls have consistently put support for the draft charter at above 60 percent, with 25 percent opposed and the remainder undecided.

Security is tight during the Kenya referendum, with memories still fresh of the ethnic violence following the country’s last national vote – the Dec. 2007 presidential election – when 1,300 people died in post-poll bloodshed.

IN-DEPTH ANALYSIS: How Kenya came undone in 2008

63,000 police officers deployed

More than 63,000 police officers have been deployed nationwide. It seems to have worked: turnout was high at most of the 27,000 polling stations.

As queues of voters thinned to trickles an hour before the official end of balloting Wednesday afternoon, there were no reports of trouble.

“No matter what mischievous politicians tell us, we know that this constitution will be good for Kenyans,” says Zapporah Wanjiru, one of the 300,000 people forced to flee their homes as the violence spread early in 2008.

The retired teacher left behind land she had farmed for 40 years, and has since been squatting in a "safe area" 30 miles north of Nairobi. Until recently, she was living in a tent of bent branches and plastic tarpaulin.

Squashing tribalism

“There is the hope that the constitution will make us see that we are all Kenyans, and all Kenya is our home, not just pieces of it,” says Francis Karinge, chairman of a self-help group for people like Mrs. Wanjiru.

Mr. Karinge is referring to the main problem besieging Kenya at every election time – tribalism.

Presidential powers are currently so all-encompassing that power-hungry politicians have never failed to manipulate ethnic divisions in their quest for votes.

This has encouraged intertribal fighting as each ethnic group employs supporters to intimidate rivals into not voting, ensuring an easier contest for its candidate.

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