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Germany hits new green-power milestone

Green energy sources now account for 20 percent of Germany's electricity production – a new high. Germany aims to be 35 percent green by 2020, and to have phased out nuclear power by 2022.

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Ms. Loreck points out that the decision for a nuclear phase-out as well as the legal framework for the promotion of renewable energy sources have been there for more than a decade, particularly the feed-in tariffs, which guarantee providers of green energy access to the power grid and a fixed price for up to 20 years.

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"The German mechanism of feed-in tariffs has given power providers and utilities the security they need to invest. It has proven to be superior to other existing promotion schemes and has been copied by countless other countries. I think Germany is on the right path," she says.

The costs for the feed-in tariffs are borne by the German consumers, currently at 3.5 cents per kilowatt-hour. And according to a new study by pollsters TNS Infratest, 79 percent of Germans are happy to pay this price or even think it should be higher.

"Most people seem to understand quite well how much value sustainable energy sources add to their lives," says Philipp Vohrer, director of the German Renewable Energies Agency, which commissioned the study. "And so they are prepared to accept new technologies even where they pop up right in front of their homes."

But Mr. Vohrer's conclusions could prove to be optimistic. While it may be true that many Germans don't mind a few extra euros on their electric bill, they are increasingly unwilling to tolerate infrastructure projects in their neighborhood. In the Schorfheide region, a popular weekend retreat for Berliners just north of the capital, you can find more and more villages openly advertising the absence of windmills as one of their features. And there are countless campaigns up and down the country against the construction of new high-voltage power lines.

It's a dilemma, admits Lars-Arvid Brischke, a senior scientist with the Institute for Energy and Environmental Research in Heidelberg. "With every new power line that is being built we see protests and legal interventions, which interrupt the planning process and delay the construction. No one wants a pylon in their backyard."

But decentralized power generation, offshore wind parks, and import of green electricity require massive expansion. "We need 3,000 kilometers of new power lines until 2025," says Mr. Brischke. "That gives you an idea of the potential for conflict."

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