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Q&A: How much aid has reached Haiti?

More than $1 billion in aid to Haiti has been pledged so far by governments from Guatemala to Greece. The UN and other groups are increasing food distribution by the day.

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How much international assistance is coming from other countries?

A tally by the Associated Press shows that $1 billion in aid to Haiti has been pledged by governments, from Grenada to Guatemala to Greece. For a breakdown by nation, look here.

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The US had led the world in its donations, with $130 million pledged, according to USAID. The Inter-American Development Bank has pledged $200 million; the World Bank has pledged $100 million, according to the AP.

But the aid goes beyond government charity, with groups from around the globe rushing into Haiti. Look here to see which ones are accepting donations.

And on Friday, at a much-hyped benefit concert featuring Madonna, Bono, and Bruce Springsteen, among other artists, $58 million was raised.

What are the greatest needs now?

International relief organizations say that the emergency phase will last for at least the next eight weeks, even as the nation and world turn to more long-term planning.

“We are still in a relief period. First aid, temporary shelter, basic needs to keep people alive,” says Eric Porterfield, a spokesperson for the American Red Cross. “As we talk about the weeks and months ahead, we will be shifting to the recovery period … looking at how you get people back to work. You are also looking at water systems, and sanitation systems (that were destroyed).”

Many say that permanent shelter, especially as the rainy season and later the hurricane season approach, will be among the chief long-term challenges in Haiti.

“The goal is to get people back into safe homes as soon as possible. While it's easier to provide water, latrines, food, and shelter in an organized camp than in the myriad vacant lots and churchyards where people have taken refuge, we can't lose sight of the need for permanent housing,” says Michael Delaney, director for humanitarian response for Oxfam America.

Gordon Lubold contributed reporting from Washington and Howard LaFranchi from Port-au-Prince.

Also of interest:

An audio slideshow: Haiti earthquake: at the epicenter

---- For all stories, blogs, and updates on Haiti after the earthquake, go to The Monitor's Haiti page.