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South Carolina court mulls retrial of 14-year-old in Jim Crow-era murder case (+video)

Lawyers for the family of George Stinney, a black teenager executed in 1944 after a trial widely criticized as mired in racist politics, are requesting a new trial for the long-dead 14-year-old.

By Staff writer / January 23, 2014

This photo shows George Stinney Jr., the youngest person ever executed in South Carolina, in 1944. Supporters of George argued this week that a new trial should be held for the teenager 70 years after his execution.

South Carolina Department of Archives and History/AP

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In the summer of 1944 in a South Carolina mill town, a 14-year-old black child was electrocuted as the convicted murderer of two white girls. He remains the youngest person to be executed in the US since the 1800s.

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Staff Writer

Elizabeth Barber is a staff writer at The Christian Science Monitor. She holds a master’s degree from Columbia Journalism School and a bachelor’s degree in International Relations and English from SUNY Geneseo. Before coming to the Monitor, she was a freelance reporter at DNAinfo, a New York City breaking news site. She has also been an intern at The Cambodia Daily, in Phnom Penh, Cambodia, and at Washington D.C.’s The Middle East Journal.

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For almost seven decades, George Stinney’s trial and execution – swiftly carried out in a Southern town that was weathering a troubled road to desegregation – has been a quiet blight on South Carolina’s historical record. His family had put him in an unmarked grave, and, they have said, tried to forget what happened.

At least, they have until now. In two days of hearings this week, lawyers representing George’s family presented arguments to a state judge that the teenager, should be given a new trial 70 years after his execution. His surviving siblings have said that 1944 trial was so badly handled, so fouled by racist politics, that their brother should not have been convicted. They have also provided evidence that the teenager was innocent of the grisly murders.

Though there is general agreement that the child’s trial and execution were not in keeping with modern standards, at issue is if the 1944 trial should be, and can be, revisited with modern legal procedure. George’s siblings have said that a 2014 trial is a chance to give their brother a long-overdue chance at justice, at least in name. Opponents, though, have said there is little use in revisiting the case , even if it was a gross miscarriage of justice.

Circuit Court Judge Carmen Mullen adjourned the hearing on Wednesday without ruling on the trial request. She said she would give the state prosecutor at least 10 days to review the proceedings, and she would issue a ruling sometime afterward.

George was convicted in 1944 of killing 11-year-old Betty Binnicker and 7-year-old Mary Emma Thames, two white girls. He had been part of the search parties that found the young children’s beaten bodies in a ditch in the rural hometown all three shared: Alcolu, a hard-up town etched with Jim Crow laws.

George's trial lasted three hours. No witness for the defense were called and no evidence that could exonerate him was presented. Prosecutors said that George had confessed to the murders during interrogation – a confession that has since disappeared. An all-white jury took 10 minutes to convict him, CNN reported.

The teenager was executed in the electric chair a month later. His father, fired from his mill job, gathered the family and moved 15 miles to an adjacent town, Pinewood.

Since then, almost all the original evidence in the trial has gone missing, and lawyers for the family have had to cull new evidence to press their case for a new one.

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