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Lance Armstrong may lose Tour titles: justice for doping or a witch hunt?

The cyclist – a breathtaking seven-time winner of the prestigious Tour de France – will be stripped of all his titles, medals, and earnings from races, after deciding to stop fighting allegations of illegal doping.

By Staff writer / August 24, 2012

In this July 2010 file photo, Lance Armstrong is pictured prior to the start of the third stage of the Tour de France cycling race in Wanze, Belgium.

Christophe Ena/AP/File

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Travis Tygart, the chief US antidoping executive, has tailed Lance Armstrong for years, spurred on by what he saw as steadily building evidence that the greatest American cyclist ever had cheated his way to seven Tour de France titles.

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On Friday, Tygart's efforts paid off. Armstrong, who for more than a decade had pushed past doping allegations as though they were hapless peloton riders, said Thursday he would not seek to arbitrate the United States Anti-Doping Agency’s charges against him, allowing USADA to claim victory by banning the 40-year-old rider for life from involvement in any sport that follows the World Anti-Doping Code. It also vowed to have Armstrong stripped of his historic seven Tour de France titles.

While Armstrong did not admit guilt, World Anti-Doping Agency president John Fahey said the ex-cyclist's decision to stop fighting the allegations prove that they "have substance to them."

For Armstrong, the prospect of hashing out testimony about alleged blood transfusions and discarded hypodermic needles was not only distasteful, but the process may have done more damage to his stature than if he simply quit the fight and may have doomed current and future endorsements, suggests Brad Weiners, a BusinessWeek sports columnist. 

Tygart had amassed a list of famous and infamous bikers who have testified to USADA that Armstrong had used performance-enhancing drugs as far back as his first Tour de France win in 1999. Two of those accuers, Americans Tyler Hamilton and Floyd Landis, were also stripped of titles and gold medals after testing positive for steroids. If the Tour titles are stripped from Armstrong, only one American Tour champion will remain: Greg LeMond.

But one difference divides the Armstrong case from those of other discredited cyclists. Armstrong never tested positive for illegal substances during his racing career, despite being tested hundreds of times. Suspicions about his illegal doping have centered on skepticism about anyone's ability to achieve such incredible feats without the help of illegal substances, knowledge that doping was rampant in cycling during that time, and accusations from other cyclists. 

Armstrong has lived in the zone of suspicion for years, but a two-year federal probe in the US ended without charges in February. USADA, a taxpayer-funded federal agency created in 2000 to safeguard “true sport,” said in June it had new evidence, including drug-test results, from the past couple of years that suggest Armstrong has dabbled in illegal substances since ending his professional cycling career to become a triathlete.

Armstrong said Thursday that relentless pursuit by USADA, which he characterized as playing by its own arbitrary rules, led to his decision to drop his defense after a US court decided on Monday it would not intervene on his behalf to block the arbitration. 

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