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Radio distraction in Philly crash, official says; new Amtrak guidelines expected

The National Transportation Safety Board is expected to propose new safety rules to avoid accidents like the May 2015 crash that killed eight people near Philadelphia. 

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    An Amtrak train attendant walks across the tracks at the Holdrege station after exiting the 5 California Zephyr Amtrak train in Holdrege, Nebraska in June 2008. An Amtrak engineer whose speeding train jumped the tracks along a curve in Philadelphia last year was distracted by radio transmissions, a U.S. official said Monday.
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An Amtrak engineer whose speeding train jumped the tracks along a curve in Philadelphia last year, killing eight people, was distracted by radio transmissions, a U.S. official briefed on the investigation said Monday.

Engineer Brandon Bostian told investigators three days after the May 12, 2015, crash that he recalled radio traffic that night from a commuter train operator who said a rock had shattered his windshield. The official was unable to say whether those were the transmissions that distracted Bostian, but the engineer spoke about no other radio chatter when interviewed by federal investigators, according to material released previously by the National Transportation Safety Board.

The official was not authorized to comment publicly because the probe is still underway and spoke to The Associated Press on the condition of anonymity.

The revelation came a day before the NTSB is scheduled to meet to detail the probable cause of last year's fatal derailment. The cause won't be determined officially until the board's vote at the conclusion of that meeting.

NTSB spokesman Peter Knudsen said the agency would not comment ahead of Tuesday's hearing.

Bostian's attorney didn't immediately return an email sent after business hours on Monday. An Amtrak spokesman said the agency will have a comment after Tuesday's hearing.

The official briefed on the report's findings Monday said that investigators also believe there were some issues with the train's emergency windows and several people were killed because they were ejected through those windows.

The investigation also found police transported many of the injured people to the hospital instead of waiting for ambulances, the official said. The NTSB is expected to recommend that engineers be retrained about distractions and recommend the city wait for ambulances to take injured people to the hospital at mass-casualty incidents.

The director of Philadelphia's Office of Emergency Management, Samantha Phillips, said that the city will adopt a revised mass-casualty plan this week to make sure responses to future disasters go more smoothly, Philly.com reported.

Others have suggested that Positive Train Control Systems (PTC), still in testing at the time, could have helped prevent the crash. Full implementation of PTC, which can prevent a train from excessive speeding, has been delayed for years as the industry pushes for more time to adapt, as The Christian Science Monitor reported last May. 

Investigators are looking into why the train from Washington, D.C., to New York was going double the 50 mph limit around a sharp curve about 10 minutes after leaving Philadelphia's 30th Street Station.

Early in the investigation, the NTSB focused on whether the Amtrak train had been hit with a rock or other projectile minutes before the crash.

Bostian told investigators he was concerned about the welfare of the commuter train's engineer and "a little bit concerned" for his own safety, but he never indicated in either NTSB interview that his train had been struck.

"There's been so many times where I've had reports of rocks that I haven't seen anything, that I felt like it was unlikely that it would impact me," Bostian told investigators, adding that he figured whoever damaged the commuter train had probably left the area by the time he rolled through.

Trains operating in the Northeast are frequent targets of rock-throwing vandals. Other nearby trains reported being hit by rocks that evening not long before the derailment. A grapefruit-sized dent was found in the windshield of Amtrak 188's locomotive.

Bostian, regarded by friends for his safety-mindedness and love of railroading, has been suspended without pay since the crash. A letter from Amtrak in the NTSB files shows he was suspended for speeding.

The lack of clarity on what caused the train to speed has frustrated crash victims, some of whom have racked up millions of dollars in hospital bills and are continuing to rehabilitate from injuries. Dozens of victims have sued Amtrak for compensation.

Michael R. Sisak in Philadelphia contributed to this report.

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