Triangle Shirtwaist fire: 100 years later, how are unions perceived?
The Triangle Shirtwaist fire 100 years ago today gave impetus to the US labor movement, which gathered broad public support. But today, unions aren't seen as positively.
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It’s not just their numbers – government employees are more than twice as likely to be union members than are private sector workers, 35 to 13 percent, according to the Gallup polling organization. It’s that they’ve been targeted as the cause of state financial woes by Republican governors such as Scott Walker in Wisconsin and Chris Christie in New Jersey.Skip to next paragraph
In Pictures Showdown in Wisconsin
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Partisan divide over collective bargaining
Fights there and in other states over public employee unions – especially regarding collective bargaining – has become very partisan, Gallup finds.
“These differences are large,” Gallup editor-in-chief Frank Newport wrote recently. “Last year, 71 percent of Democrats nationally approved of labor unions, compared to 49 percent of independents, and just 34 percent of Republicans.”
“Gallup tracking data also show that the partisan composition of the union member population skews considerably more Democratic than non-union members or than the population in general,” Newport adds.
That same partisan divide is seen in public perceptions about the collective-bargaining fight in Wisconsin.
According to a Quinnipiac University survey earlier this month, 45 percent of respondents said they would support limiting collective bargaining to save state governments money. Forty-two percent said they would oppose curbing such rights.
But the split between Republicans and Democrats polled by Quinnipiac University was much wider. Fifty-nine percent of those who identified themselves as Republicans supported union limits, while only 33 percent of Democrats did.
Public more supportive of Wisconsin public employees
Governor Walker has become a highly controversial figure in Wisconsin and around the country – inflammatory, say his critics. So it may not be surprising that in his case, the public has been more supportive of state workers facing an end to collective-bargaining rights than it has of Walker’s position – 42 to 32 percent, according to Pew, and 61 to 33 percent in a USA Today/Gallup poll.
So while the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory may be old history to most Americans, the fight for workers’ rights goes on.