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Texting caused total 'distracted driving' deaths to rise, study finds

If not for texting behind the wheel, the number of deaths from 'distracted driving' would have dropped each year from 2002 to 2007, according to a study released Thursday.

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Fernando Wilson, who co-authored the study with fellow University of North Texas Health Science Center assistant professor Jim Stimpson, agrees with Mr. Teater that the study’s fatality predictions are probably low.

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“There is going to be a lot of underreporting,” Mr. Wilson says. “In reality it’s probably an even worse problem than what the data is showing.”

Wilson and Stimpson combined data from the US Fatality Accident Reporting System database with cellphone usage statistics, adjusting for climate, state demographics, and other factors. Using this statistical modeling, they determined that if texting had not existed, the number of distracted driving fatalities would have actually declined from 4,611 to 1,925 per year from 2001 to 2007. As it is, distracted driving deaths increased to 5,870 in 2008, according to the US Department of Transportation.

Wilson and Stimpson also found a 19 percent increase in auto fatalities for every 1 million additional cellphone subscribers – a smaller, yet still significant, impact compared with texting.

“We basically concluded that cellphones are dangerous, there’s no question about that,” says Wilson. “But it’s really how people are using the cellphones.”

Their findings may help address one of the quandaries of distracted driving: Although the prevalence of texting and cellphone usage in cars has increased dramatically over recent years, the number of fatal car crashes in the US is actually down.

“Every study, and common sense, says that texting behind the wheel is a huge distraction because you’re taking your mind off the road but also your eyes off the road,” says Russ Rader, spokesman for the Insurance Institute of Highway Safety. “But we should be able to see something in the crash statistics reflecting this, and we’re not.”

Mr. Rader says his organization is researching this discrepancy.

According to the new study, those involved in distracted driving fatalities are more likely to be white, male, and under 30 than they were a decade ago. This is the same demographic most likely to be texting, the researchers point out.

Thirty states and Washington, D.C. now prohibit texting while driving; eight states plus D.C. outlaw any handheld cellphone use while driving, and Delaware will do so beginning next year. Enforcement, however, continues to be lax.

RELATED: 9 states ban cellphone use while driving. Is yours on the list?