Arizona immigration law: California leads call for boycotts
The new Arizona immigration law spurred California officials to call for boycotts of its eastern neighbor, and the effects to image and industry could be both symbolic and substantial.
In Pictures The scene at the US/Mexico border
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The effects of such sanctions – boycotts in most cases – could be huge, say analysts, but moving them forward could prove more difficult than would first appear.
On Tuesday, seven members of the Los Angles City Council signed a proposal for a boycott that urged the city to "refrain from conducting business" or participating in conventions in Arizona. Also on Tues, San Francisco Mayor Gavin Newsom imposed an immediate moratorium on city employees traveling to Arizona.
And California Senate leader Darrell Steinberg said the state should consider a boycott of Arizona. He sent a letter to Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger, asking which Arizona businesses and government agencies California does business with.
The root of the movement appears to be moral opposition to Arizona's new law. "We have a moral obligation to deliver an unequivocal message to lawmakers in Arizona that California does not condone its conduct," Mr. Steinberg wrote. The law (SB1070) allows police officers to question anyone they suspect of being an illegal immigrant, and makes it a state crime to be in the country illegally.
There's a feeling, proponents of the boycotts say, that acting against Arizona will be a wake up call to Arizona citizens and will discourage other states from enacting similar laws.
“This is a draconian enforcement approach that, if expanded [to] other states, would have a crippling effect on the entire national economy,” says Raul Hinjosa-Ojeda, an associate professor of Chicana/Chicano studies at UCLA who researches the economics of immigration. “The general public is going to see the negative effect this has on the business community and will begin asking themselves, ‘Do we really understand what our legislature just did? Is this really worth the cost?' ”
San Francisco’s official travel restrictions will have more symbolic than substantive effects, say analysts. But because of California’s size – it is the world’s seventh largest economy – state level actions could be huge.
“California is Arizona’s big brother from an economic point of view … they are hugely dependent on us,” says Mr. Hinjosa-Ojeda. He says the impact of California’s actions could be similar to 1993, when boycotts over Arizona’s stance on Martin Luther King’s birthday cost Arizona 130 conventions and Super Bowl XXVII, which amounted to $350 million, by one estimate.