New Orleans' 'Katrina Generation' struggles with drugs and depression
Suicides are up and hard drugs are more prevalent – trends that are both linked to the hurricane's legacy, experts say.
Months before her death, 16-year-old Madeleine Prevost was hard at work on a high school art project, a self-portrait she did not share because it, like the subject, was a work in progress.Skip to next paragraph
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The painting now hangs in her mother's New Orleans home, and in some ways it is a portrait of more than just a single girl. It is a portrait of an entire generation of young people here commonly labeled "the Katrina generation." Instead of childish features, the girl inside the frame "looks like a 40-year-old woman," says Mary Prevost, Madeleine's mother. "It's definitely not a child."
Even with the floodwaters gone and rebuilding efforts in progress, many teenagers in New Orleans are struggling to cope with Katrina's legacy – destroyed homes, schools, neighborhoods, and loss of friends and even pets, says Jullette Saussy, emergency medical services director for the city. At the same time, cheap drugs have flooded the streets of New Orleans after Katrina.
While there are no data linking drug-related deaths or suicides to post-traumatic stress, parents, teachers, and healthcare experts like Dr. Saussy say they are seeing a rise in suicides, high-risk behavior, and clinical depression among young people. Madeleine, for instance, died of a heroin and cocaine overdose in 2008, and more than 45,000 children here are struggling with mental-health issues related to Katrina, according to a December 2007 study by Mental Health Weekly.
"We have a teenage population here that is unlike other areas of country," Saussy says. "You have a lot of kids who have been forced to deal with really grown-up things, and parents have been preoccupied with trying to fill out FEMA forms and dealing with their own depression. I think somewhere along the lines, kids are self-medicating."
The suicide rate in New Orleans tripled between 2006 and 2008 to 42 deaths – a majority of whom were young people, Saussy says. This month, the 2009 rate reached 20 deaths. She said the youngest suicide she encountered was an 11-year-old.
"As a city, I think we're in crisis. I don't think anyone has broken free and gotten back to normal," says Al Sidhom, community coordinator for the Child Adolescent Response Team, a state-managed crisis management unit that dispatches social workers to children 17 and under. He says the New Orleans unit has the highest call volume in Louisiana. In March, it received 90 calls – about three a day.
Margaret Leaf, a high school English teacher in New Orleans, says there was a "huge change in risky behavior" among her students following Katrina, even among top honors students and those who came from supportive families. Ms. Leaf says young people often were given the responsibility of trying to keep broken families together following the divorce of their parents or relocation, which spread members far and wide. Distracted parents also contributed heavily.
"You can't make up a relationship in lost years with a young person. They're going to turn to you less for guidance, and if you're not there, they're going to turn to peer groups," she says.