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Mohamed ElBaradei looks to US to fix nuclear system 'in tatters'

As head of the International Atomic Energy Agency, Mohamed ElBaradei says the world has not done well in preventing nuclear proliferation. But ElBaradei has high hopes for the Obama administration.

By Staff writer / November 5, 2009

Mohamed ElBaradei, director general of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), speaks during his lecture at the Council on Foreign Relations in New York, Wednesday.

Bebeto Matthews/AP


New York

Mohamed ElBaradei, the outgoing director of the United Nation's nuclear watchdog agency, has a categorically negative view of the world's nuclear security system.

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"Our security system is in tatters," says the seasoned Egyptian diplomat, who on Nov. 30 will step down after 12 years at the helm of the UN's International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA).

Noting that the world currently operates in an environment where the most dangerous weapon – the nuclear bomb – has only enhanced its standing as a ticket to "power, prestige, and an insurance policy" against foreign intervention, he adds, "We haven't done [well] at all."

For good measure, he cites the case of North Korea, which came out of 16 years of international efforts to stop its technological advances a nuclear power (if a weak and volatile one).

But Mr. ElBaradei has a more optimistic view of future prospects, for two reasons related to the United States: the US today has a president who speaks seriously of getting to zero nuclear weapons, he says, and the US is now talking to Iran instead of ostracizing it.

He describes as "two very encouraging signs" the meetings that a high-level US diplomat and then Department of Energy officials held with Iranian counterparts in recent months. If the deal worked out with world powers for enriching much of Iran's low-enriched uranium stockpile outside of the country can be finalized – a deal Tehran has yet to accept – a door would open to a deemphasizing of nuclear weapons, he believes.

"If that would happen, that would be followed by a dialogue," he adds – on the nuclear issue, yes, but also on the regional security and development issues that he says are at the heart of the Iranian regime's concerns.

ElBaradei has been in New York this week, bidding farewell after 12 years during which he has taken an obscure, technical UN agency and elevated it, through charisma and deft diplomatic maneuvering, to the forefront of international diplomacy.

He gave a final address at the UN General Assembly Monday, and on Wednesday had a more casual conversation with members of New York's Council on Foreign Relations (CFR), during which his lighter side shined. ("I have to pinch myself when I hear that Henry Kissinger is now for nuclear disarmament.")