Iran nuclear defector: Three reasons he might have gone back
Iran nuclear scientist Shahram Amiri flew back to Tehran this week. The case of Vitaly Yurchenko, a Soviet cold-war-era defector, may offer some clues as to Amiri's reasons.
The return of Iranian scientist Shahram Amiri to his homeland raises an obvious question: Why would a defector go back?Skip to next paragraph
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US officials say Amiri was a willing recruit who provided US intelligence with information about Iran’s nuclear program. In return, he was paid $5 million –though he couldn’t take that money with him when he flew back to Tehran this week.
Amiri himself says he was kidnapped while in Saudi Arabia in June 2009. That’s certainly possible but, generally speaking, people in CIA custody don’t manage to post videos on YouTube complaining about their plight, as did Amiri.
So what happened? Amiri the defector (if that’s truly what he was) proved himself to be a complicated human being.
People turn against their countries for a volatile stew of reasons, including anger, ambition, and disillusionment. It’s easy for that mix to keep simmering and change its nature after the flight from the homeland has been accomplished.
Recent CIA experience shows a number of reasons why such change, over time, can result in redefection.
A failure to recruit. This may seem odd – isn’t the defector already here? Why would his (or her) handlers have to continue to lure their catch in? But the fact is, if US intelligence does not keep selling to the defector the advantages of his new state, he or she may grow dissatisfied.
Perhaps that is why Vitaly Yurchenko went back. Yurchenko was a KGB officer who defected to the US during an assignment to Rome in 1985. A few months later, he fled back to the USSR. At a 1999 academic conference, former deputy CIA counterintelligence chief Paul Redmond complained that the agency had treated Yurchenko like an asset to be squeezed. Everybody in the intelligence community wanted to ask him questions. They even wanted to know if he knew the whereabouts of Swedish humanitarian Raul Wallenberg, who was thought to have disappeared while in Soviet custody.
“We didn’t recruit him, therefore we could not help him personally get through the problems of adjustment here,” said Mr. Redmond at a conference on intelligence and the cold war presided over by former President George H.W. Bush.