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Immigration debate: fight brewing between ACLU and Nebraska town

Immigration debate is focusing on a new law in Fremont, Neb. It prevents businesses from hiring illegal immigrants and landlords from renting to them. The ACLU will challenge the law, which is similar to laws passed by at least a few dozen other towns nationwide.

By Staff writer / June 22, 2010

Immigration debate in Fremont, Neb. resulted in a new law against illegal immigrants being passed by 57 percent of voters Monday. The ACLU has vowed to challenge the law in court. In this picture, a sample ballot is posted at a polling station as a Fremont resident votes on the ordinance.

Dave Weaver/AP


Immigration debate in Fremont, Neb., has made it the latest town to decide to take immigration enforcement into its own hands.

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On Monday, 57 percent of voters in the 25,000-person town in eastern Nebraska helped pass a law that would bar businesses from hiring illegal immigrants or landlords from renting to them.

In doing so, it joins Hazelton, Pa.; Riverside, N.J.; Valley Park, Mo.; and at least a few dozen other towns that have passed laws targeting undocumented immigrants. The ordinances have generally faced lawsuits, and the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) in Nebraska has already declared its intention to fight the Fremont bill.

“An ordinance of this kind is a true indication of the frustration some communities feel, and I don’t belittle that feeling,” says Laurel Marsh, executive director of ACLU Nebraska. “That being said, I believe it violates the supremacy clause of the United States.”

Ms. Marsh argues that two main problems exist with the law: that setting immigration policy is solely a federal function, and that the 14th Amendment guarantees due process to all people in the US, not just citizens.

And so far, many cities – including ones like Hazelton and Farmers Branch, Tex., which have tried to restrict landlords' abilities to rent to illegal immigrants – have had laws struck down by federal courts, though they remain on appeal.

Legal costs

The cost of fighting such lawsuits has also caused some communities – like Riverside, N.J. – to drop the measures, and was a major argument of those in
Fremont who opposed the referendum.

"In a community of 25,000, it's going to be hard to take on the whole country, and it will be costly to do so," Fremont City Councilman Scott Getzschman told the Associated Press.

But such laws continue to crop up in communities around the country – a measure, say many, of the frustration that many Americans feel with the lack of federal immigration enforcement and with the burdens illegal immigration places on their towns.

“The feds aren’t doing their job,” says Mark Krikorian, executive director of the Center for Immigration Studies, which advocates restricting immigration. “It’s a sign of the public frustration, and you’re going to see more and more of this sort of thing.”