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Colleges offer no-frills degrees

A less-expensive education is the appeal at stripped-down satellite campuses.

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In hearings around the state, college officials told of being caught up in a "facilities race" with nearby campuses. Students who didn't have the desire or time to use campus amenities said they wanted a bare-bones alternative.

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"The response has been phenomenal. There's been enormous interest," says state board chairman Joseph Torsella. Although a specific proposal isn't on the table, the dialogue could lead some state institutions to experiment with no-frills programs.

But the idea also has sparked a pushback from those who think frills versus no frills misses a larger point about college costs.

A main factor driving up tuition at public universities is the reduction in state funding. In the Pennsylvania State System of Higher Education, for instance, appropriations per student slid 20 percent in the past decade, says chancellor John Cavanaugh. During the same period, however, the system found ways to save, so tuition went up just 16 percent.

Still, costs at schools in the system are much less than they are at many for-profit colleges (think online universities) that call themselves "no-frills," Mr. Cavanaugh says.

In an urban setting, it might work to offer courses but no housing or student services, Cavanaugh adds. "But most of our institutions are in very rural communities where there isn't sufficient housing ... and there would be very little for students to do." And for traditional-age students, campus life can be important for "the social maturation process, learning how to be an adult, manage time, all these skills that employers talk about as 'soft skills,' " he says.

Just 35 students are enrolled in this first year of SNHU's Advantage Program, aimed at 18- to 22-year-olds. But interest is high, and the program is expected to expand this fall. It has a rolling admissions cycle, and as families digest financial-aid packages offered by various schools this spring, "some have realized college could be out of reach unless they find an inexpensive alternative," says Linda Richelson, director of SNHU's Salem center.

For some, like Crane, the program is appealing not just for its cost, but also because it lacks the distractions of campus life. "So much of [the residential experience] is focused on partying, and I'm not into that," she says.

The students in Salem gather four mornings a week for five hours. That includes classes, meetings with professors and advisers, and a break. Most head off for jobs in the afternoon. The courses and most of the professors are the same as those on the main campus.

"It's a very supportive, 'high touch' environment," says Karen Goodman, director of SNHU's Nashua center. That's one reason the price is still substantially higher than that of a community college.

Students can participate for two years and then walk away with an associate's degree or transfer to the main campus to complete a four-year degree.

With its dedicated classrooms and computer labs, the setting provides some advantages, says Christina Hitchcock, who teaches literature in Salem and Manchester.

"On the main campus, despite the bells and whistles," she says, "classroom space is extraordinarily limited. It's harder to get your kids into a computer lab." But in the Advantage Program, "I can teach students in different ways."