Boston's newest classrooms: schoolyards
In sprucing up playgrounds, the Boston Schoolyard Initiative has found a way to help kids learn.
The Boston Schoolyard Initiative started with parents and teachers clamoring for safe places where they could tell kids to "go outside and play." As it has evolved, its new motto could be: "Go outside and learn."Skip to next paragraph
Subscribe Today to the Monitor
The effort to renovate school sites and add "outdoor classrooms" has become a national model as cities struggle to address both childhood obesity and academic gaps.
Like many city schoolyards, Boston's had largely been paved over because old, rotting play structures posed safety hazards. The shortage of open green space for children became so acute that Mayor Thomas Menino launched the initiative in 1995, bringing together city and school leaders, local residents, and private funders to create inviting outdoor settings for schools and communities to share.
It started with transforming asphalt wastelands into colorful climbing structures, landscaped walking paths, and space for public art. In 2005, the initiative began adding outdoor classrooms – mini wilderness zones, gardening areas, and other features that teachers use for everything from science lessons to writing projects.
"We don't refer to them as playgrounds, because they are more than that," says Kim Comart, interim director of the Boston Schoolyard Funders Collaborative, the private side of the partnership.
Representatives of six cities toured several of the schoolyards last week. From Charleston, S.C., to San Antonio, they are working to promote local wellness through grants from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation and technical assistance from the National League of Cities and the American Association of School Administrators (AASA).
"School leaders over the last few years have really started to look at these connections between health and wellness and kids being successful in schools," says Rebecca Roberts, a project director at AASA. The Boston model shows that even with tight school budgets, such efforts can be sustained when they draw on private funding and community support.
Help could be on the way from the federal government, too. A bill introduced in Congress, the No Child Left Inside Act, would increase funding for states to promote environmental education and outdoor learning, which supporters say have received less attention because of the testing focus of the No Child Left Behind Act.
Since 1995, Boston has reconstructed 71 schoolyards, covering 125 acres and serving more than 25,000 children a day, Mr. Comart says. The yearly capital investment is about $1.2 million from the city and $600,000 from the Funders Collaborative, which also gives about $450,000 for operating expenses and professional development for teachers. By 2010, 87 yards should be complete, he says, and 27 will include outdoor classrooms. The hope now is to complete the 10 remaining elementary- and middle-school yards.