How to grow and prepare tomatoes
A chef and a gardener give advice on growing and cooking tomatoes. Plus a delicious recipe for tomato pie.
Tomatoes come in all shapes and sizes and in all kinds of flavors. I [Anne] grow my own so that I can get that perfect taste, picked on that perfect summer day. Well, maybe not perfect, but that is how I remember my childhood tomato experience.Skip to next paragraph
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Tomatoes are easy to grow from seed, and seed is available in hybrid and heirloom varieties. Heirlooms are all the rage right now, but remember, they are susceptible to more garden diseases then the hybrids, which are bred to withstand many of these attacks.
Good tomatoes in the South
My own personal tomato favorites are hybrids Better Boy, Park’s Whopper, Delicious, Big Beef, and heirlooms German Giant, Black Krim, and Cherokee Purple. As you can see, I like my tomatoes big. I also like a small one, Sun Gold hybrid. It is yummy.
If you want to obsess over tomatoes, order the catalog from Tomato Growers Supply Co. You will be hard pressed to keep your list below 10.
You can buy several packets of tomato seed and plant just a few of each. To keep the seeds for use in future years, seal the packets with tape and store them in a container with a tight-fitting lid somewhere cool indoors. Seeds should remain viable for three to four years.
Growing tomatoes from seed
Sow the seeds according to the packet directions six to eight weeks before your expected last frost. Tomato seeds germinate best at around 59 degrees F. (15 C)or above. I have found that a seed germinating heat mat is well worth buying.
Start the seeds indoors in cells or trays of sterile soilless mix. When the seedlings reach three inches tall, transplant them to four-inch pots.
The transplants can go into your garden when there is no more danger of frost and nighttime temperatures stay above 45 degrees F. (7 C).
Digging a shallow, inclined trench for each plant, instead of a deep hole, will keep the roots nearer the surface where they will stay warm. Remove all but the top cluster of leaves. Lay the tomato plant in the trench. Bury the roots and stem in the upward-sloping trench with only the section of stem above ground that has leaves. Roots will grow all along the stem, giving it a good anchor.
Tomatoes need consistent water when mature, a quart a day, to ward off blossom end rot.
You should be harvesting sweet, tangy fresh tomatoes seven to weeks after you move your plants outdoors.
Savory Tomato Pie
I grew up in a region of the South that had a black belt of rich soil. The taste of our garden-grown vegetables -- and especially tomatoes -- could not be compared to any place that I have lived, or visited.
We let our tomatoes ripen on the vine, and when Mother wanted to use tomatoes, she just walked out to the garden and picked them. Oh, for her tomato sandwich with that freshly sliced tomato between two layers of white bread slathered in mayonnaise with salt and a bunch of pepper!