Skip to: Content
Skip to: Site Navigation
Skip to: Search

Humongous hidden Antarctic rift could be speeding ice melt, say scientists (+video)

A huge newly discovered rift, buried a mile beneath the ice in Antarctica, could be contributing to ice loss, according to researchers. 

By Nina ChestneyReuters / July 25, 2012

A seal swims by icebergs off the British Antarctic Survey's Rothera base in this 2009 photo.

Alister Doyle/Files/Reuters



A valley the size of the Grand Canyon a mile beneath the ice in West Antarctica, may be contributing to ice loss in the region, the British scientists who discovered it say.

Skip to next paragraph
An update on the melting Pine Island Glacier in West Antarctica.

Researchers have been monitoring large ice sheets in Greenland and Antarctica for decades to see how and whether they affect climate change.

Thinning ice in West Antarctica accounts for nearly 10 percent of global sea level rise as rising global average temperatures cause glaciers and ice caps to melt, threatening coastlines from Vietnam to Florida and forcing low-lying cities to build costly flood defences.

Scientists at the University of Aberdeen and the British Antarctic Survey (BAS) have discovered a sub-glacial valley under the Ferrigno Ice Stream, a region which has only been visited once before in 1961.

The rift valley, created millions of years ago and subsequently covered by ice, is connected to the warming ocean help show how climate change is affecting the ice sheet, they said in a paper published in the journal Nature on Wednesday.

"This spectacular valley aligns perfectly with the recordings of ice-surface lowering and ice loss that we have witnessed with satellite observations over this area for the last 20 years," said Robert Bingham, a glaciologist at Aberdeen University's School of Geosciences and lead author of the study.

"If you stripped away all of the ice here today, you'd see a feature every bit as dramatic as the huge rift valleys you see in Africa and in size as significant as the Grand Canyon."

Bingham could not say whether the valley was made of rock.

Ferrigno Rift

A rift valley is a lowland between highlands or mountain ranges, created by a geological fault. Perhaps the most well-known rift valley in the region is the West Antarctic Rift, which lies between East and West Antarctic and is the source of all recently active volcanoes in Antarctica.

The team detected the "Ferrigno Rift" by towing a radar system across the surface of the ice for 1,500 miles, equivalent to the distance between London and the Rock of Gibraltar.

"The newly discovered Ferrigno Rift is part of a huge and yet poorly understood rift system that lies beneath the West Antarctic Ice Sheet," said Fausto Ferraccioli from the BAS.

"What this study shows is that this ancient rift basin, and the others discovered under the ice that connect to the warming ocean can influence contemporary ice flow and may exacerbate ice losses by steering coastal changes further inland," he said.

Engineers and scientists have made several discoveries deep under the ice in recent years. Last year, a British team started to study an ancient lake hidden beneath West Antarctica's Ice Sheet in the hope it would reveal clues about climate change and future sea level rise.

A 2007 report by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change highlighted ice-sheets as the biggest remaining uncertainty in projections of rising sea levels.

Global sea levels rose 1.5 mm a year between 2003 and 2010 due to melting glaciers and ice shelves, scientists said in May. This is on top of an estimated 1.7 mm annual rise due to the expansion of the oceans as the water warms. (Editing by Louise Ireland)

Read Comments

View reader comments | Comment on this story

  • Weekly review of global news and ideas
  • Balanced, insightful and trustworthy
  • Subscribe in print or digital

Special Offer


Doing Good


What happens when ordinary people decide to pay it forward? Extraordinary change...

Danny Bent poses at the starting line of the Boston Marathon in Hopkinton, Mass.

After the Boston Marathon bombings, Danny Bent took on a cross-country challenge

The athlete-adventurer co-founded a relay run called One Run for Boston that started in Los Angeles and ended at the marathon finish line to raise funds for victims.

Become a fan! Follow us! Google+ YouTube See our feeds!