ARAB SPRING - 2010, Tunisia - The wave of protests still sweeping across the Middle East and North Africa began in Tunisia in response to a young man's self-immolation to protest police corruption and violence. The uprisings spread to Egypt, Bahrain, Yemen, Libya, and continues in Syria. Here, protesters stand atop a police vehicle in front of the prime minister's office during a demonstration in downtown Tunis, Tunisia, January 21, 2011. Finbarr O'Reilly/Reuters
RED SHIRT PROTESTS – 2010, Thailand – Anti-government demonstrations in Bangkok began March 12 with protests and demands for new elections. The protestors, known as “red shirts” for the clothing they wear, are largely comprised of rural poor who support former Thai Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra. On April 10, protests became violent when the Thai police attacked protesters, killing 23 and injuring hundreds. Violence escalated again May 13 after a Thai general, supporting the red shirts, was shot. Here, red shirt protesters wave a Thai national flag as they gather behind a barricade in Bangkok on April 21. Chaiwat Subprasom/Reuters
YELLOW SHIRT PROTESTS – 2008, Thailand – Clad in yellow shirts, the anti-Thaksin People's Alliance for Democracy (PAD) called for the removal of then-Prime Minister Somchai Wongsawat (who was Thaksin’s brother-in-law). In late 2008, the yellow-shirted protesters occupied the regional hub Suvarnabhumi Airport, stranding tens of thousands tourists for weeks. In December 2008, the constitutional court disqualified Mr. Somchai for electoral fraud, opening the way for current Prime Minister Abhisit Vejjajiva to take office. Seen here, a pro-government protester attends a rally to show support for Prime Minister Abhisit Vejjajiva in Bangkok, Thailand, on April 19. Vincent Yu/AP
SAUCEPAN PROTESTS - A demonstrator bangs a pot during a protest outside parliament, in Reykjavik, Iceland, Jan. 22, 2009. It was the first time the country's police had used tear gas in more than half a century, and came as demonstrators mounted increasingly violent protests against a government they blamed for leading once-prosperous Iceland into economic ruin. Brynjar Gauti/AP/File
KYRGYZSTAN UPRISING – 2010– A populist revolt in April, sparked by the tiny mountainous republic's dire economic crisis, ousted Kyrgyzstan's then-president, Kurmanbek Bakiyev, and placed opposition leader Roza Otunbayeva as the head of a provisional government. Mr. Bakiyev had come to power five years earlier during the Tulip Revolution. Protesters break through an entrance of the Kyrgyz government headquarters in Bishkek on April 8. Ivan Sekretarev/AP
GREEN MOVEMENT – 2009, Iran – Mass demonstrations erupted after the June 2009 presidential election that saw a landslide victory for Mahmoud Ahmadinejad. Opposition reformist candidate Hossein Mousavi claimed the vote results were fraudulent. Protests were organized and escalated by leveraging the Internet and mobile phones, in particular the social media site Twitter. Much news coverage of the harsh government crackdown and ensuing violence was circulated via 'tweets,' giving this uprising the alternative name, 'The Twitter Revolution.' Iranian security personnel gather during a march in Tehran, Iran, on June 20, 2009 in this photo uploaded to Twitter. Reuters and other foreign media are subject to Iranian restrictions on leaving the office to report, film or take pictures in Tehran. Reuters via Twitter
SAFFRON REVOLUTION – 2007, Burma – More than 100,000 Burmese protesters were led by Buddhist monks, whose saffron-colored robes gave the revolution its name, in an uprising against the ruling junta after it removed fuel subsidies. A quick government crackdown triggered a fresh wave of arrests and lengthy prison sentences. Authorities arrested more than 5,000 people. Here, an exiled monk who fled th eprotests of the 2007 Saffron Revolution, rakes trash from the street outside the makeshift monastery he shares with three others in Utica, NY. MIke Segar/Reuters
ORANGE REVOLUTION – 2005, Ukraine – Immediately following the November 2004 Ukrainian election, thousands of protesters peacefully took to the streets, claiming voter intimidation and election fraud. Protesters said the real election winner was Viktor Yushchenko, not Viktor Yanukovych. The country’s Supreme Court ordered a revolt and Mr. Yushchenko was declared the winner and took office on Jan. 23, 2005. Viktor Yushchenko's top ally Yulia Tymoshenko smiles here in Kiev, Ukraine, on Jan. 24, 2005. Tymoshenko was appointed the nation's prime minister and was a key driving force behind the 'Orange Revolution' that paved way for Yushchenko's victory in a fiercely-contested presidential race. Sergei Grits/AP
CEDAR REVOLUTION - 2005, Lebanon - Sparked by the assassination of former Prime Minister Rafik Hariri, protesters took to the streets to end the Syrian-influenced government. After Syrian troops withdrew from the region, the pro-Syrian government was also disbanded. In this photo, a Lebanese activist dances with a Lebanese flag in central Beirut May 6, 2005. Jamal Saidi/Reuters
ROSE REVOLUTION – 2003, Georgia – Notable for the red roses they clutched, thousands of Georgian voters took to the streets in November 2003 to protest the results of a parliamentary election. Independent monitors found that Mikheil Saakashvili won the election, not pro-Russian president Eduard Shevardnadze. Mr. Saakashvili led protesters in non-violent demonstrations in the capital, Tblisi, and ultimately a new election was held in January 2004 that put him in power. An opposition supporter stands under a giant Georgian flag during a rally in front of the parliament building in Tbilisi, Georgia, in November 2007, demanding Saakashvili's resignation. Shakh Aivazov/AP/FILE
EDSA II – 2001, Philippines – Thousands of protesters thronged the streets of Manila calling for the resignation of President Joseph Estrada, who was facing impeachment amid accusations of money laundering. Before the trial concluded, Mr. Estrada stepped down and Vice President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo was sworn in as president. It was dubbed EDSA II because protestors amassed on Epifanio de los Santos Avenue, where the People Power Revolution of 1986 (or EDSA I) also took place. With a Filipino flag seen at center, tens of thousands of protesters gather at the historic EDSA Shrine in the Manila suburb of Mandaluyong during a rally in January 2001. Pat Roque/AP/FILE
Georgia's parliamentary elections, setting President Mikheil Saakashvili's party against opposition led by billionaire Bidzina Ivanishvili, are the most hotly contested in the country's modern era.
ByPaul Rimple, Correspondent
Since coming to power in 2004, Georgia’s ruling United National Movement party (UNM) has maintained a strong monopoly in the government. It has been impervious to mass opposition movements, and even a Russian invasion.