A member of the Silver Wings sky divers parachutes into Bill Synder Family Stadium in Manhattan, Kansas, on Oct. 7, 2010. Flag Day is observed on June 14 In the United States, commemorating the adoption of the US flag by resolution of the Second Continental Congress in 1777. Icon SMI/Newscom/File
Arena workers unfurl an American flag at the 93rd Annual Livermore Rodeo at Robertson Park in Livermore, Calif., on June 12. In 1916, President Woodrow Wilson issued a proclamation that officially established June 14 as Flag Day; in August 1949, National Flag Day was established by an Act of Congress. Zuma Press/Newscom
Ahmed Salim waves a US flag in front of the federal courthouse in Detroit on Jan. 8, 2009, as members of the local Muslim community demonstrate their opposition to terrorism during the arraignment of Umar Farouk Abdulmutallab, a Nigerian national accused of trying to blow up an airliner. Marcin Szczepanski/DFP/Zuma Press/Newscom/File
New York City artist Scott LoBaido paints a 48'x80' flag on the roof of the Vero Beach Veterans, Inc. hall in Vero Beach on Mar. 15, 2006. This is the fourth stop on a '50 flags on 50 rooftops in 50 states' tour. LoBaido is doing the paintings as a way to say thank you to our troops fighting overseas and to raise awareness and money for the Wounded Warrior Project. Paul J. Milette/Palm Beach Post/ZUMA Press/Newscom
Firefighters unfurl a large US flag and soldiers salute as then-President George W. Bush and then-Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld tour the impacted area of the Pentagon on September 12, 2001, one day after a hijacked airline crashed into the facility as part of the largest terrorist assault in US history. Paul J. Richards/AFP/Newscom
Landscape artists put finishing touches on 160-foot-wide by 60-foot-high turf painting of the US flag on October 6, 2001, in Key West, Florida. The flag, sprayed on the surface of the island's sanitary landfill, required 420 gallons of turf paint and was conceived by John Mumford, a landscape designer, and artist Rick Worth. Andy Newman/AFP/Newscom
The New York Stock Exchange with its giant American flag, hung since Sept. 11, 2001, is seen on Sept. 12, 2003. Frances M. Roberts/Newscom
Bill Burke, the 67-year-old Costa Mesa climber seen in this June 2009 photo, may be the oldest American to reach the summit of Mount Everest. Benassi/Splash News/Newscom
Congressman Allen West salutes Flag Day in celebration of Greater Fort Lauderdale's Learn to Dive Month, on June 13. PRNewsFoto/Newscom
US Army solders hold a large American flag on the infield before the NASCAR Sprint Cup Series STP 400 at Kansas Speedway in Kansas City, Kansas, on June 5. Jeff Moffett/Icon SMI/Newscom
Seventy years ago, AP's Joe Rosenthal took the now iconic photo of US Marines raising the flag at Iwo Jima. The Christian Science Monitor reported why the tiny island played such a huge role in the war's Pacific theater.
ByJoseph C. Harsch, Staff writer
This article originally ran in The Christian Science Monitor on Feb. 23, 1945, on the same day when Associated Press photographer Joe Rosenthal took the now iconic photo of US Marines raising the nation's flag on the island of Iwo Jima in the Pacific Ocean. The Monitor's Joseph C. Harsch explained at the time why Iwo Jima played such an important role in the US campaign in the Pacific during World War II.