Masked Maoist rebels pose at an undisclosed location in India. Indian Maoists, known as Naxalites, trace their origin to an armed struggle to empower the rural poor in West Bengal in 1967. The insurgency has spread across India, with Chhattisgarh State now at the heart of the conflict. Jeremy Veverka
Maoist forces destroyed this school and many others, claiming that the concrete structures (often the only concrete buildings in a village) were being used as protected bases by police and paramilitary forces. Tribal communities living in the forested regions of southern Chhattisgarh have been caught in the middle of a drawn-out war between the Maoist guerrillas and the police and paramilitary forces that have risen to resist them, the Salwa Judum (meaning “Peace March” or “Purification Hunt”). Jeremy Veverka
A wounded member of the Central Reserve Police Force was one of three hit by an IED while on patrol near Gangalur village. The force is akin to the US National Guard. Jeremy Veverka
A father enrolls his son in a school at a Salwa Judum camp for displaced villagers in Chhattisgarh State. Jeremy Veverka
In a Salwa Judum camp in the Dantewada district of Chhattisgarh State, a woman assembles bamboo furniture to sell at the local market as part of a camp work program. She might earn $1 per day. Jeremy Veverka
Police officers train at the Counter Terrorism and Jungle Warfare College in the Kanker district of Chhattisgarh State. The motto of the 45-day course is “Fight the Guerrilla Like a Guerrilla.” Naxalite insurgents, named for the village of Naxalbari, where the insurgency began in 1967, roam the dense forests here. In the early hours of April 6, 2010, Maoist guerrillas ambushed a group of police officers, killing all 76 of them. Jeremy Veverka
A health clinic is being constructed in the village of Basaguda in the Bijapur district of Chhattisgarh State in southern India, an area that has been heavily affected by violence. Due to the security situation, remote villages in Maoist-controlled areas of Bastar often suffer from a lack of proper sanitation and healthcare. Doctors Without Borders is overseeing the building of the clinic – it’s one of the few nongovernmental organizations that both the police and the Naxalites allow to operate here. Jeremy Veverka
Villages located in Maoist-controlled areas are often guarded by the Sangam, village militias who report to Naxal commanders. They provide the guerrillas with intelligence about any police presence or activity in the area. Jeremy Veverka
A young man revisits his village, which was burned by the Salwa Judum, who suspected it of supporting the Maoist rebels. Jeremy Veverka
Trucks are loaded with iron ore at Essar Steel’s ore-processing plant. A pipeline that was used to transfer the ore to steel plants was destroyed by insurgents in 2009; now ore must travel by truck. Southern Chhattisgarh State is rich in natural resources, including some of the highest-quality iron ore in the world. Jeremy Veverka
Part 2 of 3: Fears of radicalized European jihadis returning home to commit acts of terrorism are fueling Islamophobia across France and the Continent. Some say that is further disillusioning Muslim youth – making them more likely to radicalize.
France, like much of Europe these days, is in a period of social tumult. Far-right parties like the National Front are gaining ground and influencing local governments. Muslims face worsening Islamophobia. And the outrage that many Muslims feel about Western and Israeli policies in the Mideast is fostering a very old problem: anti-Semitism. Marseille, a multicultural city on the Mediterranean, offers a vantage point onto these related issues.