Earthquakes: restoring the past, preparing for the future
( Updated: 04/02/2014 )
Haitian workers celebrate after the inaguration of the reconstructed Hyppolite Iron Market in Port-au-Prince January 11, 2011. The historic trading center was originally constructed in the 1890's and has been rebuilt this year after a fire levelled it shortly after the January 12, 2010 earthquake. Jorge SilvaJorge Silva/Reuters
A view of a refugee camp, once a golf course, set up for earthquake displaced people in Port-au-Prince, Haiti, July 22, 2011. Haiti's President Michel Martelly launched several projects to rebuild the capital's downtown area. Eduardo Verdugo/AP
People stay on higher grounds in a tsunami safety zone after a magnitude-6.7 earthquake shook the region, in Iquique city, north of Santiago March 16, 2014. The strong quake struck off northern Chile on Sunday evening, triggering a preventive evacuation of part of the coastal area but not causing any injuries or damage to the country's crucial copper mines. Cristian Vivero/Reuters
Engineers take pictures after a four-story wood frame building is tested under the conditions of a number of historical earthquake data using the World's largest outdoor shake table by researchers at the University of San Diego California in San Diego, August 17, 2013. Researchers replicated a number of California earthquakes including the 7.2-magnitude Cape Mendocino earthquake of 1992, the 6.7-magnitude Northridge earthquake in 1994, and the 6.9-magnitude Loma Prieta earthquake of 1989. Mike Blake/Reuters
Workers build wooden houses at new refugee center which would be home to 4,000 tsunami survivors on the outskirts of Banda Aceh, Sumatra island, Indonesia, Jan. 17, 2005. The northern tip of Sumatra was hardest hit by the quake-spawned tidal wave which claimed the lives of more than 115,000 people. Peter Dejong/AP
Jim Vallas, Cal Trans residents engineer, right, discusses progress of repair on the San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge, Nov. 3, 1989, in Oakland, Calif. This section was dislodged in the October 17 earthquake. Sal Veder/AP
An artist impression shows the Christchurch downtown projects for a new-look after the New Zealand city was reduced to rubble by an earthquake in 2011. Essentially given a blank slate, government planners unveiled a blueprint in 2012 for the city that replaces office towers with green spaces, urban apartments, and innovation 'hubs' they say will give the city the feel of a college campus. Under the plan, the city will be smaller, the buildings lower in height and constructed to higher earthquake standards. CERA/AP
Members of the Engineering Regiment of the People's Liberation Army (PLA) participate in an exercise on a training ground for earthquake rescues during a demonstration for international media at a base located on the outskirts of Beijing, 2010. The regiment makes up most of the China International Search and Rescue (CISAR) force, who are called on to participate in rescue efforts in foreign countries. David Gray/Reuters
Worker Francesco Bernabei finishes on a brick mosaic depicting an eagle, the emblem and namesake of L'Aquila, he is building on the road to the G-8 summit venue, in L'Aquila, central Italy, 2009. Pier Paolo Cito/AP
Workers rappel from the top of the Washington Monument as inspections to the structure begin, 2011. The 555-foot (170-meter) monument was damaged by a 5.8-magnitude earthquake that struck the nation's capital in August. Kevin Lamarque/Reuters
In this photo, Los Angeles Emergency Management Coordinator and Public Information Officer Hans Christian Ipsen ducks under low hanging pipes next to friction pendulum bearings which support the Los Angeles city Emergency Operations Center in downtown, where dozens of specialists would report to handle a major emergency, Jan. 14, 2014. The 1994 Northridge earthquake was felt over a broad area of Southern California, causing widespread death and destruction. While the state has made strides in retrofitting freeways and hospitals, work remains to strengthen concrete buildings and housing with underground parking. Reed Saxon/AP
A man walks near earthquake and tsunami detector at Lok Kruet beach, in Aceh Besar, 2012. Beawiharta/Reuters
While Tuesday's earthquake in Chile was large by any measure, seismologists remain concerned it could have been a foreshock to a much larger quake in this region – a section of plate boundary that hasn't seen a major rupture in 137 years.
Chilean officials are assessing the damage after a magnitude-8.2 earthquake struck the country's north coast Tuesday night, leaving at least six people dead, triggering landslides and fires, and cutting off electricity to thousands of residents.