Skip to: Content
Skip to: Site Navigation
Skip to: Search

Charge your cellphone with a cotton T-shirt

Two engineers at the University of South Carolina modified a cotton T-shirt, turning the fabric into a supercapacitor, storing an electrical charge.

By StaffInnovation News Daily / July 3, 2012

Researchers have come up with another use for T-shirts: They can hold a charge like a capacitor. In this case, a soccer fan uses his T-shirt as a mask at the Euro 2012 semi-final soccer match between Italy and Germany at the National Stadium in Warsaw.

REUTERS/Tony Gentile


An oven-toasted T-shirt could provide the structure for futuristic clothing that powers cellphones, tablets and other devices. The research, conducted by two engineers at the University of South Carolina, showed that a modified store-bought T-shirt could be turned into a fabric that acts as a supercapacitor, storing an electrical charge.

Skip to next paragraph

"By stacking these supercapacitors up, we should be able to charge portable electronic devices such as cellphones," Xiaodong Li, one of the engineers who worked on the shirt, said in a statement

"We wear fabric every day," he added. "One day, our cotton T-shirts could have more functions."

RECOMMENDED: 13 Born in the US inventions

Li and a fellow researcher in his lab, Lihong Bao, bought a cotton T-shirt from a local discount store. They soaked it in fluoride, dried it, then baked it in an oven without any oxygen, to prevent the T-shirt from burning. Despite the baking, the fabric remained flexible. [Science Fashion Runs the Gamut From Pretty to Precise]

The researchers examined the baked shirt and found that the cotton fibers had turned into activated carbon, similar to the carbon in water and air filters. They also found the activated carbon fabric could store electrical charge as a capacitor, an electrical component that's found in most devices.

To improve the shirt's electricity-storing ability, the researchers coated the T-shirt fibers with a layer of manganese oxide one nanometer thick, or about 1/1000th the thickness of a human hair. A second analysis showed the manganese oxide-covered fibers worked as a more efficient capacitor than the treated, toasted cotton alone. 

"This created a stable, high-performing supercapacitor," Li said. The fabric capacitor could charge and discharge thousands of times while losing only 5 percent of its performance, Li and Bao discovered.

Their method for making the fabric capacitor is inexpensive and doesn't use environmentally harmful chemicals, Li said.

Li's is just one of several labs working on creating fabric-based electronics that could turn into wearable devices. The research could lead to coat sleeves and couch arms that act as controls for electronics, such as music players and thermostats, or "smart clothes" that monitor people's health. 

Li and Bao published their research in the June 26 issue of the journal Advanced Materials. 

RECOMMENDED: 13 Born in the US inventions

Follow InnovationNewsDaily on Twitter @News_Innovation, or on Facebook.

Copyright 2012 InnovationNewsDaily, a TechMediaNetwork company. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.

Read Comments

View reader comments | Comment on this story

  • Weekly review of global news and ideas
  • Balanced, insightful and trustworthy
  • Subscribe in print or digital

Special Offer


Doing Good


What happens when ordinary people decide to pay it forward? Extraordinary change...

Danny Bent poses at the starting line of the Boston Marathon in Hopkinton, Mass.

After the Boston Marathon bombings, Danny Bent took on a cross-country challenge

The athlete-adventurer co-founded a relay run called One Run for Boston that started in Los Angeles and ended at the marathon finish line to raise funds for victims.

Become a fan! Follow us! Google+ YouTube See our feeds!