Obama must remind Vladimir Putin of human rights, religious freedom concerns
Under Vladimir Putin, Russia has passed a succession of anti-human rights laws curtailing freedom of expression, association, and assembly. Parliament might even pass a proposed blasphemy law that clearly would violate religious freedom. President Obama must speak out.
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Those found to have engaged in “public insults to the faith and humiliation during liturgical services” could be fined up to 300,000 rubles ($10,000), ordered to perform 200 hours of community service, or sentenced to three-year prison terms. For “the desecration and destruction of religious objects, places of worship and pilgrimage,” penalties could include up to five years in jail. Putin has since called for postponing the bill’s consideration until next spring.Skip to next paragraph
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Supporters insist that religion, particularly Russian Orthodoxy, needs protection against critics who, they claim, seek to destabilize Russia by undermining its religious traditions. Yet a blasphemy law not only would violate the individual rights of freedom of religion and expression, but could exacerbate tensions by stifling the peaceful exchange of ideas and opinions.
Were the blasphemy bill to pass, Russians could bring suit against fellow citizens whom they allege have “insulted their religious sentiments.” For instance, Russian Orthodox believers who view Apple’s logo as glorifying Adam and Eve’s original sin in the Bible also could prosecute Apple executives.
Russia already punishes people for “hooliganism motivated by religious hatred.” Under this criminal category, two of the three women detained in the notorious Pussy Riot punk band case were handed two-year prison sentences for performing a “punk prayer” in February at the Cathedral of Christ the Savior in Moscow.
Clearly, a blasphemy law could push Russia’s religious freedom conditions from the proverbial frying pan into the fire.
Even without this proposal, Russia maintains a blatant double standard on religious freedom. While favoring the Moscow patriarchate of the Russian Orthodox Church, it targets Muslims and other groups. Its actions range from sweeping bans on Islamic materials to labeling religious minorities such as Mormons and Jehovah’s Witnesses “totalitarian cults,” as well as discriminating systematically against Russia’s evangelical Protestant minority.
Russia’s course unmistakably threatens democracy, but also stability, potentially pitting the Moscow patriarchate against Russia’s 25 million Muslim citizens. For the sake of both freedom and stability, it’s time to remind Russia’s president that, for the United States, human rights matter, and it's time to condemn this year's eclipse of those rights in Putin’s Russia.
Katrina Lantos Swett is Chair of the US Commission on International Religious Freedom (USCIRF).