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Obama's economy is driving well, considering the hand brake is on

Smart choices by President Obama and Congress have saved the economy from another recession and put it on the path to recovery. Policymakers can continue to help the economy by removing the obstacles to faster growth, such as helping struggling states retain teachers.

By Christian E. Weller / November 5, 2012

President Obama arrives for an election campaign rally at McArthur High School in Hollywood, Fla., Nov. 4. Op-ed contributor Christian E. Weller writes: It 'is absolutely unique in American economic history' that we have a recovery with a housing crisis, shrinking state and local government, and high household debt. 'There was a good chance that the economy would shrink in this environment, but it didn’t.'

Jason Reed/Reuters



The fact that the US economy is in recovery, even modestly, is something of a miracle given the number of factors working against it. This is absolutely unique in American economic history: a recovery without the housing market expanding substantially; a recovery with state and local government employment shrinking for three years in a row; and a recovery with households owing, on average, well over 100 percent of their after-tax income in debt.

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Yet even with all three of these factors dogging us, we have avoided slipping back into recession.

That’s not all. Exports, which are a key element contributing to strong growth and have offered a boost to many recoveries over the years, continue battling the headwinds of the European crises, slowing growth in China and India, and a strengthening dollar – which makes US exports more expensive in world markets. Moreover, oil prices swung widely during the past three years, the result of dramatic international events such as the Arab Spring.

The remarkable thing about the current recovery is not how slow it is, but that it exists at all. There was a good chance that the economy would shrink in this environment, but it didn’t. The US economy in the second quarter of this year was $847.5 billion (in 2005 dollars) larger than in June 2009 on an annualized basis. That's the equivalent of an average annualized growth rate of 2.2 percent over inflation during those three years. That is not stellar, but it is a far cry from a recession.

Much of this resilient recovery can be traced to some smart choices made by President Obama and Congress. They focused on investments that helped manufacturing and commercial construction. They provided help to struggling states and localities. And they enacted middle class tax cuts that boosted consumption. The recipe for gaining further momentum is more of the same.

These federal policies worked by strengthening the private sector, where possible: This meant attention to the struggling manufacturing sector through the Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009. It meant infrastructure investments and help for the auto industry. And it meant strengthening household after-tax income to reduce families’ debt burdens through increased unemployment insurance benefits, tax credits for working Americans, increased Social Security benefits, and a payroll-tax holiday – all measures targeted toward boosting middle-class incomes.


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