FAMU hazing, Robert Champion: Violent rituals don't make men stronger
They make worse human beings. The hazing death of Florida A&M marching band member Robert Champion proves it. At a historically black college especially, slavery-style abuse shouldn't be a badge of pride.
So here’s a quick and grisly quiz, culled from America’s recent college sports scandals. What merits harsher repercussions, killing a college student or sexually abusing a child?Skip to next paragraph
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If the decisions of officials at Penn State and Florida A&M Universities (and resulting public reaction) are any gauge, it appears that Americans deem child abuse the more serious crime. And we all need to think more seriously about that.
At Penn State, following allegations of sexual abuse against former defensive football coach Jerry Sandusky, head coach Joe Paterno and university president Graham Spanier both got fired. But at Florida A&M, where drum major Robert Champion died last month in a hazing incident (which a medical examiner ruled a homicide), his band director was simply put on administrative leave. And the school’s board of trustees voted to retain the school’s president, James Ammons, even after Florida Gov. Rick Scott urged him to step down pending an investigation.
IN PICTURES: Fallout from the Penn State scandal
In fairness to Florida A&M, officials there had acknowledged the band’s hazing problem and were taking active measures to combat it. Earlier this year, for example, over two-dozen trombonists and clarinetists had been suspended for hazing. By contrast, it appears that Penn State tried to cover up Mr. Sandusky’s alleged crimes instead of tackling the allegations head-on.
Some may argue, too, that the hazing was a “consensual” act committed by adults (college students) on an adult victim, where Sandusky’s alleged acts include victimization of a minor.
But consider, too, that the four students who were initially expelled for hazing Champion were subsequently allowed to return to classes. The medical examiner found “multiple blunt trauma blows” to Champion’s chest, arm, shoulder, and back. After his beating, the examiner wrote, Champion complained of thirst and fatigue. Then he lost his vision. And then he died, probably of rapid blood loss.
He’s not the only one, unfortunately. Journalist Hank Nuwer has counted nearly 100 hazing-related deaths at American colleges and universities since 1970. And if you look at Mr. Nuwer’s list, one big fact jumps out at you: Almost all the victims are men. It’s a guy thing.
And it goes all the way back to the birth of American higher education. At institutions like Harvard and Yale, sophomores visited a host of terrors on freshmen. Some of the freshmen were “smoked out” of their rooms by sophomores who blew smoke through keyholes; others were stripped, bound, and gagged and left in cemeteries. Freshmen were also required to doff their caps to upperclassmen and to run errands for them.
After the Civil War, as more and more universities began to admit women, the routine hazing of freshmen began to decline. By the early 20th century, hazing had relocated into an explicitly all-male institution: the fraternity. And the goal was explicit, too: to defend a rough-hewn masculinity from the feminizing forces of modern American society.