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Opinion

To better Afghanistan, boot the contractors

Afghanistan President Hamid Karzai wants private security contractors out of the country. He should go even further, by kicking out all development contractors. Their record of fraud and waste is reason enough. They also undermine NGOs truly helping the Afghan people.

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Another troubling practice is contractor staff serving short tours, many rarely lasting more than a year. With subsequent staff rotations having little to no overlap, this inevitably results in the loss of lessons learned, know-how, and counterpart rapport.

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A deeper cause: monopsony

The deeper causal explanation for development-contracting problems is a term known as “monopsony.” Unlike a monopoly, in which one seller dominates the market, a monopsony occurs when a single buyer – in this case, the US government – faces numerous sellers. Thus, the single buyer should have the ability to dictate terms and drive down prices. But because the US government has surrendered its oversight responsibility, this perverted market structure has resulted in a bonanza for US-government backed contractors.

These problems stand in stark contrast to the practices of privately-funded humanitarian NGOs, many of which have long histories in Afghanistan. For example, the International Assistance Mission began work in 1966, and the Swedish Committee began in the early 1980s. Having survived both the Soviet invasion and the Taliban regime, they have been successful by focusing on one critical element – relationships. They make connections with local people, serve lengthy tours, and stress extended overlap periods between incoming and outgoing staff. Unsurprisingly, they also speak the local languages (Dari and Pashto), and know the proper etiquette surrounding that old Afghan pastime – drinking tea.

Economic development is one part social science, one part social anthropology. It thus involves working with – not around – native people. Failing to foster relationships is America’s biggest shortcoming in Afghanistan. Broken promises, unfinished work, and a reluctance to learn local customs demonstrate not only apparent lack of interest in the aims we espouse, but also seeming disdain for the people of Afghanistan.

End the suffering

With the global economy still struggling, private donors won’t be able to give as much to humanitarian NGOs. The US government continues to finance the development-contracting world’s ongoing waste and corruption. Sadly, with contractors’ unlimited resources, they also can drain the talent pool of those likely to work for NGOs. Thus, a two-front assault on humanitarian NGOs is taking place. This is tragic, as these organizations are often the ones most able to improve the lives of the Afghan people.

Certainly, Afghans still face an uphill battle in securing their own safety and stability, and rooting out corruption. But it is clear that US-government contractors are mired in mismanagement and failure, perpetuating dependence at best. It is time for Karzai to end this suffering by drawing another line in the sand and mandate that all US-government development contractors be removed from Afghanistan as soon as reasonably possible.

Josef Storm is a former development contractor, serving in Afghanistan and Sudan. Malou Innocent is a foreign policy analyst at the Cato Institute.

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