The US should make a U-turn on its approach to Hezbullah
Past efforts to uproot the militant group have failed. Obama must try a different tack and focus on Israel and Lebanon.
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The US should now play the role of effective broker and help negotiate long-term peace between Lebanon and Israel to destroy the legitimacy of Hezbollah's arms.Skip to next paragraph
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The UN Security Council, where the US is a member, needs to move beyond recent complaints made by both sides in violation of Resolution 1701 ending the July 2006 war, and address the root causes of the conflict.
Three main issues have floated around for too long because the political will to move forward on them has been absent:
1. Land dispute. A major point of conflict between Lebanon and Israel has been the border. Hezbollah regularly campaigns for the return of a part of land called Shebaa Farms. This land dispute dates back to 1967.
Since Israel declared its withdrawal from all occupied lands in 2000, Hezbollah has insisted that so long as Shebaa Farms is not liberated, Israel remains an occupier, and this justifies the need for arms. The US could begin to address this by using the auspices of the UN to encourage Israel to use the land as a bargaining tool for peace.
2. Prisoners of war on both sides. Given that the last war broke out when Hezbollah kidnapped two Israeli soldiers, it should be a priority for the international community to pressure Israel and Hezbollah to put a plan forward to return all prisoners of war.
The US and international community can apply a carrot approach and link the financial assistance granted to both countries with this political objective.
3. Hundreds of thousands of Palestinian refugees living in camps in Lebanon. The UN needs to find a just and durable solution to deal with these refugees. Given the link between poverty and extremism, Israel stands to benefit most from a solution to the refugee dilemma.
The sooner these issues are brought to the negotiating table and resolved, the greater prospect for peace and stability in the region. It will also help restore respect for the UN and for rule of law.
It's the right time: Obama, more than any other recent US president, is in a position to successfully work with Israel to take the necessary steps. Even Hezbollah realizes that, in the long term, it cannot be both part of the Lebanese government and a military force outside the government.
Ultimately, only a national defense strategy developed in collaboration with all parties in the Lebanese government including Hezbollah will be sustainable for peace. [Editor's note: The original version should have included this line.]
Rima Merhi is a fellow at the Kennedy School of Government. She has worked as a researcher at the Middle East Institute, as a human rights activist, and as a freelance writer.
[Author's additional comments: This commentary in no way belittles the role Hezbollah played in liberating South Lebanon in 2000. It was my intention to show that Hezbollah is a legitimate player in the Lebanese government, and that in order for peace, Lebanon must resolve its issues with Israel. It is also important for the US to note Hezbullah’s willingness to collaborate with the government to build a national defense strategy. Hezbollah’s military wing is only the means to an end. What is most important is protecting Lebanese soil and Lebanese civilians, particularly the vulnerable population along the Lebanon Israel border. The future of Lebanon lies in a strong Army and government.]